What Does the MMSE Measure?
Mini-mental state exam form allows measuring cognitive impairments and recording the patient's progress over time. The form provides doctors and researchers with a simple and convenient means to screen for dementia. The test checks the patient's time and place orientation, language functioning, short-term memory, and basic motor skills. Using this test, practitioners can estimate the severity of the cognitive impairment - if any - and monitor its progression. Some MMSE forms are also used to document the patient's response to treatment.
What Is a Normal MMSE Score?
Generally, an MMSE score of 24 to 30 is considered a normal result that shows no cognitive impairment. A score of 18 to 23 denotes a mild cognitive impairment. A score of 0 to 17 hints at a more severe mental condition. However, raw results are rarely used for a diagnosis. They are typically corrected according to the patient's age and level of education.
The tasks performed during the exam include the following activities:
- Time and place orientation,
- Repeating words task,
- Arithmetic test,
- Test for the ability to understand and comprehend language, and
- Motor skills check.