"Understanding Teen Dating Violence Fact Sheet"

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Understanding Teen Dating Violence
Fact Sheet
2016
Dating violence is a type of intimate partner violence. It
Among adult victims of rape, physical violence, and/
occurs between two people in a close relationship. The
or stalking by an intimate partner, 22% of women and
nature of dating violence can be physical, emotional, or
15% of men first experienced some form of partner
sexual.
violence between 11 and 17 years of age.
2
Physical—This occurs when a partner is pinched, hit,
How does dating violence
shoved, slapped, punched, or kicked.
affect health?
Psychological/Emotional—This means threatening
a partner or harming his or her sense of self-worth.
Dating violence can have a negative effect on health
Examples include name calling, shaming, bullying,
throughout life. Youth who are victims are more likely
embarrassing on purpose, or keeping him/her away
to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety,
from friends and family.
engage in unhealthy behaviors, like using tobacco,
Sexual—This is forcing a partner to engage in a sex
drugs, and alcohol, or exhibit antisocial behaviors
act when he or she does not or cannot consent. This
and think about suicide.
Youth who are victims of
3,4,5
can be physical or nonphysical, like threatening to
dating violence in high school are at higher risk for
spread rumors if a partner refuses to have sex.
victimization during college.
6
Stalking—This refers to a pattern of harassing or
threatening tactics that are unwanted and cause fear
Who is at risk for
in the victim.
dating violence?
Dating violence can take place in person or
electronically, such as repeated texting or posting sexual
Factors that increase risk for harming a dating partner
pictures of a partner online.
include the following:
7
Unhealthy relationships can start early and last a lifetime.
Belief that dating violence is acceptable
Teens often think some behaviors, like teasing and name
Depression, anxiety, and other trauma symptoms
calling, are a “normal” part of a relationship. However,
these behaviors can become abusive and develop into
Aggression towards peers and other aggressive
more serious forms of violence.
behavior
Substance use
Why is dating violence a
public health problem?
Early sexual activity and having multiple sexual
partners
Dating violence is a widespread issue that has serious
Having a friend involved in dating violence
long-term and short-term effects. Many teens do not
Conflict with partner
report it because they are afraid to tell friends and family.
Witnessing or experiencing violence in the home
Among high school students who dated, 21% of
females and 10% of males experienced physical and/
or sexual dating violence.
1
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Division of Violence Prevention
Understanding Teen Dating Violence
Fact Sheet
2016
Dating violence is a type of intimate partner violence. It
Among adult victims of rape, physical violence, and/
occurs between two people in a close relationship. The
or stalking by an intimate partner, 22% of women and
nature of dating violence can be physical, emotional, or
15% of men first experienced some form of partner
sexual.
violence between 11 and 17 years of age.
2
Physical—This occurs when a partner is pinched, hit,
How does dating violence
shoved, slapped, punched, or kicked.
affect health?
Psychological/Emotional—This means threatening
a partner or harming his or her sense of self-worth.
Dating violence can have a negative effect on health
Examples include name calling, shaming, bullying,
throughout life. Youth who are victims are more likely
embarrassing on purpose, or keeping him/her away
to experience symptoms of depression and anxiety,
from friends and family.
engage in unhealthy behaviors, like using tobacco,
Sexual—This is forcing a partner to engage in a sex
drugs, and alcohol, or exhibit antisocial behaviors
act when he or she does not or cannot consent. This
and think about suicide.
Youth who are victims of
3,4,5
can be physical or nonphysical, like threatening to
dating violence in high school are at higher risk for
spread rumors if a partner refuses to have sex.
victimization during college.
6
Stalking—This refers to a pattern of harassing or
threatening tactics that are unwanted and cause fear
Who is at risk for
in the victim.
dating violence?
Dating violence can take place in person or
electronically, such as repeated texting or posting sexual
Factors that increase risk for harming a dating partner
pictures of a partner online.
include the following:
7
Unhealthy relationships can start early and last a lifetime.
Belief that dating violence is acceptable
Teens often think some behaviors, like teasing and name
Depression, anxiety, and other trauma symptoms
calling, are a “normal” part of a relationship. However,
these behaviors can become abusive and develop into
Aggression towards peers and other aggressive
more serious forms of violence.
behavior
Substance use
Why is dating violence a
public health problem?
Early sexual activity and having multiple sexual
partners
Dating violence is a widespread issue that has serious
Having a friend involved in dating violence
long-term and short-term effects. Many teens do not
Conflict with partner
report it because they are afraid to tell friends and family.
Witnessing or experiencing violence in the home
Among high school students who dated, 21% of
females and 10% of males experienced physical and/
or sexual dating violence.
1
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Division of Violence Prevention
Understanding Teen Dating Violence
How can we prevent
Where can I learn more?
dating violence?
CDC’s Dating Matters: Strategies to
The ultimate goal is to stop dating violence before it
Promote Healthy Teen Relationships
starts. Strategies that promote healthy relationships are
www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/datingmatters
vital. During the preteen and teen years, young people
are learning skills they need to form positive relationships
CDC’s Teen Dating Violence Infographic
www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartner
with others. This is an ideal time to promote healthy
violence/teen_dating_violence_infographic.html
relationships and prevent patterns of dating violence that
can last into adulthood.
National Dating Abuse Helpline and Love is Respect:
www.loveisrespect.org or 1-866-331-9474 or text
Many prevention strategies are proven to prevent or
loveis to 22522
reduce dating violence. Some effective school-based
National Domestic Violence Hotline
programs change norms, improve problem-solving,
1-800-799-SAFE (7233)
and address dating violence in addition to other youth
National Sexual Assault Hotline
risk behaviors, such as substance use and sexual risk
1-800-656-HOPE (4673)
behaviors.
Other programs prevent dating violence
8,9
through changes to the school environment or training
National Sexual Violence Resource Center
influential adults, like parents/caregivers and coaches, to
www.nsvrc.org
work with youth to prevent dating violence.
10,11,12
References
How does CDC approach
prevention?
1. Vagi KJ, Olsen EOM, Basile KC, Vivolo-Kantor AM. Teen dating violence (physical and sexual)
among US high school students: Findings from the 2013 National Youth Risk Behavior
Survey. JAMA Pediatrics 2015; 169(5):474-482.
CDC uses a four-step approach to address public health
2. Black MC, Basile KC, Breiding MJ, Smith SG, Walters ML, Merrick MT, Chen J, Stevens MR.
problems like dating violence.
The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report.
Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention, 2011.
Step 1: Define the problem
3. Foshee VA, McNaughton Reyes HL, Gottfredson NC, Chang LY, Ennett ST. A longitudinal
Before we can prevent dating violence, we need to know
examination of psychological, behavioral, academic, and relationship consequences of
dating abuse victimization among a primarily rural sample of adolescents. Journal of
how big the problem is, where it is, and who it affects.
Adolescent Health 2013; 53:723-729.
CDC learns about a problem by gathering and studying
4. Roberts TA, Klein JD, Fisher S. Longitudinal effect of intimate partner abuse on high-risk
behavior among adolescents. Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine 2003; 157:875-881.
data.
5. Exner-Cortens D, Eckenrode J, Rothman E. Longitudinal associations between teen dating
violence victimization and adverse health outcomes. Pediatrics 2013; 71:71-78.
Step 2: Identify risk and protective factors
6. Smith PH, White JW, Holland LJ. A longitudinal perspective on dating violence among
It is not enough to know that dating violence is affecting
adolescent and college-age women. American Journal of Public Health 2003; 93(7):1104–
1109.
a certain group of people in a certain area. We also need
7. Vagi KJ, Rothman E, Latzman NE, Teten Tharp A, Hall DM, Breiding M. Beyond correlates: A
review of risk and protective factors for adolescent dating violence perpetration. Journal of
to know why. CDC conducts and supports research to
Youth and Adolescence 2013; 42:633-649.
answer this question.
8. Foshee VA, Bauman KE, Arriaga XB, Helms RW, Koch GG, Linder GF. An evaluation of Safe
Dates, an adolescent violence prevention program. American Journal of Public Health
Step 3: Develop and test prevention strategies
1998; 88:45-50.
9. Wolfe DA, Crooks C, Jaffe P, Chiodo D, Hughes R, Ellis W, Stitt L, Donner A. A school based
Using information gathered in research, CDC develops
program to prevent adolescent violence: a cluster randomized trial. Archives of Pediatric
and evaluates strategies to prevent violence.
and Adolescent Medicine 2009; 163:692-699.
10. Taylor BG, Stein ND, Mumford EA, Woods D. Shifting Boundaries: an experimental
evaluation of a dating violence prevention program in middle schools. Prevention Science
Step 4: Ensure widespread adoption
2013; 14:64-76.
In this final step, CDC shares the best prevention
11. Foshee VA, Reyes McNaughton HL, Ennett ST, Cance JD, Bauman KE, Bowling JM. Assessing
the effects of Families for Safe Dates, a family-based teen dating abuse prevention
strategies and may provide funding or technical help so
program. Journal of Adolescent Health 2012; 51:349-356.
communities can adopt these strategies.
12. Miller E, Tancredi DJ, McCauley HL, Decker MR, Virata CDM, Anderson HA, O’Connor
B, Silverman JG. One-Year follow-up of a coach-delivered dating violence prevention
program: a cluster randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine
2013; 45:108-112.
1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636)
www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention
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