"Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (Aims)" - Delaware

This Delaware-specific printable "Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (Aims)" is a part of the legal paperwork issued by the Delaware Health and Social Services.

Download the up-to-date PDF by clicking the link below and mail it as per the guidelines provided by the department.

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Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) - Overview
The AIMS records the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia (TD) in patients receiving
n
neuroleptic medications.
The AIMS test is used to detect TD and to follow the severity of a patient’s TD over time.
n
Clinical Utility
The AIMS is a 12 item anchored scale that is clinician administered and scored
Items 1-10 are rated on a 5 point anchored scale.
n
• Items 1-4 assess orofacial movements.
• Items 5-7 deal with extremity and truncal dyskinesia.
• Items 8-10 deal with global severity as judged by the examiner, and the
patient’s awareness of the movements and the distress associated with them.
Items 11-12 are yes-no questions concerning problems with teeth and/or dentures,
n
because such problems can lead to a mistaken diagnosis of dyskinesia.
Examination Procedure
The indirect observation and the AIMS examination procedure are on the following
two pages.
Scoring
1
1. A total score of items 1-7 (Categories I, II, III) can be calculated. These represent
observed movements.
2. Item 8 can be used as an overall severity index.
3. Items 9 (incapacitation) and 10 (awareness) provide additional information that may be
useful in clinical decision making.
4. Items 11 (dental status) and 12 (dentures) provide information that may be useful in
determining lip, jaw and tongue movements.
Psychometric Properties
The AIMS is a global rating method. The AIMS requires the raters to compare the observed
movements to the average movement disturbance seen in persons with TD. Such relative
judgments may vary among raters with different backgrounds and experience.
1. Rush JA Jr., Handbook of Psychiatric Measures, American Psychiatric Association, 2000, 166-168.
STABLE RESOURCE TOOLKIT
Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) - Overview
The AIMS records the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia (TD) in patients receiving
n
neuroleptic medications.
The AIMS test is used to detect TD and to follow the severity of a patient’s TD over time.
n
Clinical Utility
The AIMS is a 12 item anchored scale that is clinician administered and scored
Items 1-10 are rated on a 5 point anchored scale.
n
• Items 1-4 assess orofacial movements.
• Items 5-7 deal with extremity and truncal dyskinesia.
• Items 8-10 deal with global severity as judged by the examiner, and the
patient’s awareness of the movements and the distress associated with them.
Items 11-12 are yes-no questions concerning problems with teeth and/or dentures,
n
because such problems can lead to a mistaken diagnosis of dyskinesia.
Examination Procedure
The indirect observation and the AIMS examination procedure are on the following
two pages.
Scoring
1
1. A total score of items 1-7 (Categories I, II, III) can be calculated. These represent
observed movements.
2. Item 8 can be used as an overall severity index.
3. Items 9 (incapacitation) and 10 (awareness) provide additional information that may be
useful in clinical decision making.
4. Items 11 (dental status) and 12 (dentures) provide information that may be useful in
determining lip, jaw and tongue movements.
Psychometric Properties
The AIMS is a global rating method. The AIMS requires the raters to compare the observed
movements to the average movement disturbance seen in persons with TD. Such relative
judgments may vary among raters with different backgrounds and experience.
1. Rush JA Jr., Handbook of Psychiatric Measures, American Psychiatric Association, 2000, 166-168.
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AIMS Examination Procedure
Either before or after completing the AIMS on the following page, observe the patient
unobtrusively at rest (e.g., in the waiting room).
The chair to be used in this examination should be a hard, firm one without arms.
Questions
1. Ask the patient whether there is anything in his or her mouth (such as gum or candy)
and, if so, to remove it.
2. Ask about the current condition of the patient’s teeth. Ask if he or she wears dentures.
Ask whether teeth or dentures bother the patient now.
3. Ask whether the patient notices any movements in his or her mouth, face, hands,
or feet. If yes, ask the patient to describe them and to indicate to what extent they
currently bother the patient or interfere with activities.
4. Have the patient sit in chair with hands on knees, legs slightly apart, and feet flat on
floor. (Look at the entire body for movements while the patient is in this position.)
5. Ask the patient to sit with hands hanging unsupported -- if male, between his legs, if
female and wearing a dress, hanging over her knees. (Observe hands and other body
areas).
6. Ask the patient to open his or her mouth. (Observe the tongue at rest within the
mouth.) Do this twice.
7. Ask the patient to protrude his or her tongue. (Observe abnormalities of tongue
movement.) Do this twice.
8. Ask the patient to tap his or her thumb with each finger as rapidly as possible for
10 to 15 seconds, first with right hand, then with left hand. (Observe facial and leg
movements.)
9. Flex and extend the patient’s left and right arms, one at a time.
10. Ask the patient to stand up. (Observe the patient in profile. Observe all body areas
again, hips included.)
11. Ask the patient to extend both arms out in front, palms down. (Observe trunk, legs,
and mouth.)
12. Have the patient walk a few paces, turn, and walk back to the chair. (Observe hands
and gait.) Do this twice.
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Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS)
Patient Name ______________________________________ Date of Visit ________________
Code:
0 = None
1 = Minimal
2 = Mild
3 = Moderate
4 = Severe
Movement Ratings:
RATER
RATER
RATER
RATER
• Rate highest severity observed in category I, II, III.
• Rate movements that occur upon activation one point less than those
observed spontaneously.
DATE
DATE
DATE
DATE
• Circle movements as well as code number that applies.
I FACIAL & ORAL
1. Muscles of Facial Expression e.g.
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
MOVEMENTS
movements of forehead, eyebrows,
periorbital area, cheeks, including frowning,
blinking, smiling, grimacing
2. Lips and Perioral Area e.g. puckering,
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
pouting, smacking
3. Jaw Biting, clenching, chewing, mouth
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
opening , lateral movement
4. Tongue Rate only increases in movement
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
both in and out of mouth. NOT inability to
sustain movement. Darting in and out of
mouth
II EXTREMITY
5. Upper (arms, wrists, hands, fingers)
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
MOVEMENTS
Include choreic movements (i.e. rapid
objectively purposeless, irregular,
spontaneous) athetoid movements. DO NOT
INCLUDE TREMOR (i.e. repetitive, regular,
rhythmic)
6. Lower (legs, knees, ankles, toes) Lateral
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
knee movement, foot tapping, heel
dropping, foot squirming, inversion and
eversion of foot
III TRUNK MOVEMENTS
7. Neck, shoulders and hips Rocking,
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
twisting, squirming, pelvic gyrations
IV GLOBAL
8. Severity of abnormal movements overall
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
JUDGEMENT
9. Incapacitation due to abnormal
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
movements
10. Patient’s awareness of abnormal
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
0 1 2 3 4
movements. Rate only patients report:
No Awareness = 0
Aware, no distress = 1
Aware, mild distress = 2
Aware, moderate distress = 3
Aware, severe distress = 4
V DENTAL STATUS
11. Current problems with teeth and/or
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
dentures
12. Are dentures usually worn
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
13. Endentia?
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
14. Do movements disappear with sleep?
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
NO
Available for use in the public domain.
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