"Cell Structure: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Worksheet - Randolph High School"

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Name ____________________________________________________ Period ___________ Date ___________________
Cell Structure: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
What’s the Difference?
Look at the two drawings of prokaryotes and eukaryotes; discuss with your partner the similarities
and differences between the two cells.
Eukaryote (note: this drawing shows half a plant cell and
Prokaryote:
half an animal cell):
List the five parts that Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes both have:
1. ___________________________
2. ___________________________
3. ___________________________
4. ___________________________ (with just Plant Eukaryotes)
5. ___________________________ (with just Animal Eukaryotes)
Do Prokaryotes have a nucleus? ________
Which is more complex, Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes? _______________________
Which is larger? ____________________
Why are cells named that way?
From Greek words…
EU means __________________. PRO means __________________. KARY means __________________.
Eukaryote = ____________________; Prokaryote = ____________________.
All cells have ____________________, in eukaryotes it is stored in the ____________________.
Prokaryotes don’t have a nucleus, and it floats around in the cytoplasm in an area called a
____________________. Only eukaryotes have ____________________.
Name ____________________________________________________ Period ___________ Date ___________________
Cell Structure: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
What’s the Difference?
Look at the two drawings of prokaryotes and eukaryotes; discuss with your partner the similarities
and differences between the two cells.
Eukaryote (note: this drawing shows half a plant cell and
Prokaryote:
half an animal cell):
List the five parts that Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes both have:
1. ___________________________
2. ___________________________
3. ___________________________
4. ___________________________ (with just Plant Eukaryotes)
5. ___________________________ (with just Animal Eukaryotes)
Do Prokaryotes have a nucleus? ________
Which is more complex, Eukaryotes or Prokaryotes? _______________________
Which is larger? ____________________
Why are cells named that way?
From Greek words…
EU means __________________. PRO means __________________. KARY means __________________.
Eukaryote = ____________________; Prokaryote = ____________________.
All cells have ____________________, in eukaryotes it is stored in the ____________________.
Prokaryotes don’t have a nucleus, and it floats around in the cytoplasm in an area called a
____________________. Only eukaryotes have ____________________.
Test Yourself: Which type has….? Place a check or X in the table below if the statement is true
for each cell type.
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Statement
1. Have a nucleus
2. Have membrane-bound organelles
3. Contain genetic material (DNA)
4. Can be single or multi-celled
5. Can only be single-celled.
6. Have a plasma membrane and cytoplasm
Hierarchy (organization) of Life:
Starting from an atom…
______________  ______________  ______________  ______________  _________________ 
______________  ______________  ______________
Review from previous lecture:
1. What are the two common types of microscopes and what are the differences between them?
2. What are the three tenets of the cell theory of life?
3. Who were the two important people that we talked about and what did they do?
4. Explain why cells are so small.
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