"Classification Test Study Guide With Answer Key - Biology II Cp, Loudoun County Public Schools"

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Biology II CP
Ch. 18 Classification Test Study Guide Answers
1. The science of classifying living things is called ------------------------------------.
Taxonomy
2. As we move through the biological hierarchy from the kingdom to species level, organisms become
more similar/more different. (circle one)
3. Which scientist developed the system of classifying organisms by assigning them a genus and species
name?
Linnaeus
4. The organism Homo sapien is a member of what genus?
Homo
5. What is the species identifier for Quercus phellos?
phellos
6.
The red maple is also known as Acer rubrum. Its scientific name is _____________________.
Acer
rubrum
7. Is the scientific name of an organism the same for scientists all over the world? Explain.
Yes, it is in
Latin.
8. An organism can have how many genus and species names?
one genus name and one species
identifier.
9. In which language are scientific names written?
Latin
10. What is the correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species?
kingdom, phylum,
class, order, family, genus, species.
11. What information is used in systematic taxonomy to classify organisms?
patterns of embryological development
fossil evidence
DNA and RNA
12. A branching diagram like the one shown is called a ________________________.
cladogram
13. Refer to the illustration above. Each particular feature, such as dry skin, that is used to assign an
organism to a group is called a(n) _______________________.
Derived character
14. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the
kingdom
___________.Protista
15. Most multicellular autotrophs that have a nucleus and carry on photosynthesis belong to the
kingdom _________.
Plantae
16. An organism that breaks down organic matter, which it then absorbs, is in the kingdom
_________________.
Fungi
17. The kingdom defined as including any eukaryotes that are not plants, animals, or fungi is the kingdom
_________.
Protists
18.
What are 2 groups of organisms that are placed together by cladistics but are placed in separate
groups by classical taxonomy?
birds and crocodiles (reptiles)
Biology II CP
Ch. 18 Classification Test Study Guide Answers
1. The science of classifying living things is called ------------------------------------.
Taxonomy
2. As we move through the biological hierarchy from the kingdom to species level, organisms become
more similar/more different. (circle one)
3. Which scientist developed the system of classifying organisms by assigning them a genus and species
name?
Linnaeus
4. The organism Homo sapien is a member of what genus?
Homo
5. What is the species identifier for Quercus phellos?
phellos
6.
The red maple is also known as Acer rubrum. Its scientific name is _____________________.
Acer
rubrum
7. Is the scientific name of an organism the same for scientists all over the world? Explain.
Yes, it is in
Latin.
8. An organism can have how many genus and species names?
one genus name and one species
identifier.
9. In which language are scientific names written?
Latin
10. What is the correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species?
kingdom, phylum,
class, order, family, genus, species.
11. What information is used in systematic taxonomy to classify organisms?
patterns of embryological development
fossil evidence
DNA and RNA
12. A branching diagram like the one shown is called a ________________________.
cladogram
13. Refer to the illustration above. Each particular feature, such as dry skin, that is used to assign an
organism to a group is called a(n) _______________________.
Derived character
14. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the
kingdom
___________.Protista
15. Most multicellular autotrophs that have a nucleus and carry on photosynthesis belong to the
kingdom _________.
Plantae
16. An organism that breaks down organic matter, which it then absorbs, is in the kingdom
_________________.
Fungi
17. The kingdom defined as including any eukaryotes that are not plants, animals, or fungi is the kingdom
_________.
Protists
18.
What are 2 groups of organisms that are placed together by cladistics but are placed in separate
groups by classical taxonomy?
birds and crocodiles (reptiles)
19. Linnaeus’s two-word system for naming organisms is called ____________ ________________.
Binomial nomenclature
20. The largest division that a group of organisms can belong to is a ________________.
Domain
21. Similar features that evolve through convergent evolution are called _________ _____________.
Analogous characters
22. During Linnaeus’ time, scientists divided all living organisms into ______kingdoms. 2
23. The kingdoms Eubacteria and Archaebacteria were once grouped in a kingdom called __________.
Monera
24. Four of the kingdoms include eukaryotes and the other two include _______________.
prokaryotes
25.
What are the characteristics used to differentiate kingdoms?
Cell type, nutrition, body type
26. Protista is an example of which taxa?
Kingdom
27. Which two kingdoms contain both unicellular and multicellular organisms?
Protista and Fungi
28. List the kingdoms that are prokaryotes.
Archaebacteria and Eubacteria
29. List the kingdoms that are eukaryotes.
Fungi, Animalia, Plantae, Protista
30. Biologists of Linnaeus’s time classified every living thing as either plant or ____________________.
Animal
31. Each kind of organism on Earth is assigned a unique two-word ____________________.
Scientific
name
32. The first word of a scientific name indicates the ____________________ to which the organism
belongs.
Genus
Animal
Plantae
Protista
Fungi
33. Refer to the illustration above. Label the each organism with its kingdom name.
34. Cladistics uses shared and ____________________ characters to group taxa.
Derived
35. All living things are grouped into one of three ___________________(s).
Domains
36. Traditionally, scientists have used differences in appearance and ____________________ to classify
organisms.
Structure
37. Two kingdoms include prokaryotes, while four kingdoms include ____________________.
Eukaryotes
38. Eukaryotes that are not fungi, plants, or animals are called ____________________.
Protist
39. The evolutionary history of a species is called its ____________________.
Phylogeny
40. Why might the use of common names to describe organisms sometimes cause confusion?
The use of common names to describe organisms may cause confusion because common names may
41.
not describe an organism accurately. For example, a jellyfish is not a fish. Sometimes the same
common name is used for different species. For instance, a maple tree might be a sugar maple, a
silver maple, or a red maple. (Other answers are also possible.) Also, some organisms have more than
one common name, depending on the region in which they are found.
41. While on a biological expedition to a tropical rain forest, you discover a previously unidentified animal.
Explain the guidelines you would follow to choose a genus and species name for the animal.
Based on the animal’s physical characteristics, you would decide if it belongs in a known genus. If it
42.
does, it must be given that generic name. If a new generic name is needed, it should be descriptive.
The species identifier may describe the appearance or lifestyle of the organism or may be given in
honor of an individual. The given scientific name must be Latin or constructed according to the rules
of Latin grammar.
Finish the chart.
Kingdom
Cell type
Cell structure
Body type
Nutrition
Cell wall,
Eubacteria
Prokaryotic
a.
unicellular
b
autotrophic and heterotrophic
peptidoglycan
d.
cell wall, no
Autotrophic and
Archaebacteria
c.
prokaryotic
Unicellular
peptidoglycan
heterotrophic
Unicellular and
Protista
e.
eukaryotic
Mixed
f.
autotrophic and heterotrophic
multicellular
Unicellular and
Fungi
g.
eukaryotic
Cell wall, chitin
multicellular
h.
heterotrophic
Cell wall,
i.
Plantae
Eukaryotic
j.
multicellular
Autotrophic
cellulose
Multicellular
k.
Animalia
Eukaryotic
No cell wall
l.
heterotrophic
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