Falls Risk Assessment Tool Template for Older People

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Assessment of falls risk in older people (Side 1)
(Falls Risk Assessment Tool-FRAT)
Multi - professional guidance for use
by the primary health care team, hospital staff, care home staff and social care workers
This guidance has been derived from longitudinal studies of factors predicting falls in older people and
randomised controlled trials that have shown a reduction in the risk of falling. (adapted for local use but
originally designed by Queen Mary College, University of London)
Definition Fall- An event whereby an individual comes to rest on the ground or another lower level with or
without loss of consciousness (NICE 2004)
Notes for users:
1) Complete assessment form below. The more positive factors, the higher the risk for falling.
2) If there is a positive response to three or more of the questions on the form, then please see over for
guidance for further assessment, referral options and interventions for certain risk factors.
3) Some users of the guidance may feel able to undertake further assessment and appropriate interventions at
the time of the assessment.
4) Consider which referral would be most appropriate given the patient's needs and local resources.
Name _______________________
Date of Birth ___________
/
/
NHS Number
:
YES
NO
1
Is there a history of any fall in the previous year?
How assessed? Ask the person.
2
Is the patient / client on four or more medications per day?
How assessed? Identify number of prescribed medications.
3
Does the patient / client have a diagnosis of stroke or
Parkinson's Disease?
How assessed? Ask the person.
4
Does the patient / client report any problems with his/ her
balance?
How assessed? Ask the person.
5
Is the patient/client unable to rise from a chair of knee height?
How assessed? Ask the person to stand up from a chair of knee
height without using their arms.
Assessment of falls risk in older people (Side 1)
(Falls Risk Assessment Tool-FRAT)
Multi - professional guidance for use
by the primary health care team, hospital staff, care home staff and social care workers
This guidance has been derived from longitudinal studies of factors predicting falls in older people and
randomised controlled trials that have shown a reduction in the risk of falling. (adapted for local use but
originally designed by Queen Mary College, University of London)
Definition Fall- An event whereby an individual comes to rest on the ground or another lower level with or
without loss of consciousness (NICE 2004)
Notes for users:
1) Complete assessment form below. The more positive factors, the higher the risk for falling.
2) If there is a positive response to three or more of the questions on the form, then please see over for
guidance for further assessment, referral options and interventions for certain risk factors.
3) Some users of the guidance may feel able to undertake further assessment and appropriate interventions at
the time of the assessment.
4) Consider which referral would be most appropriate given the patient's needs and local resources.
Name _______________________
Date of Birth ___________
/
/
NHS Number
:
YES
NO
1
Is there a history of any fall in the previous year?
How assessed? Ask the person.
2
Is the patient / client on four or more medications per day?
How assessed? Identify number of prescribed medications.
3
Does the patient / client have a diagnosis of stroke or
Parkinson's Disease?
How assessed? Ask the person.
4
Does the patient / client report any problems with his/ her
balance?
How assessed? Ask the person.
5
Is the patient/client unable to rise from a chair of knee height?
How assessed? Ask the person to stand up from a chair of knee
height without using their arms.
(Side 2)
Suggestions for further assessment, referral options and interventions
Assessment by nurse or doctor
Risk factor present
Further assessment
Referral Options
Interventions
1) History of falling
Review incident(s),
Occupational
Discuss fear of falling and
in the previous year
identifying
Therapy
realistic preventative measures.
precipitating
Physiotherapy
factors.
Falls Clinic/ICT (1)
2) Four or more
Identify types of
General Practitioner
Review medications,
medications per day
medication
Falls Clinic (1)
particularly sleeping tablets (see
prescribed.
www.bhps.org.uk/falls
for more
Ask about
information on medication and
symptoms of
falls
dizziness.
Discuss changes in sleep
patterns normal with ageing,
and sleep promoting
behavioural techniques.
3) Balance and gait
Can they talk while
Occupational
Teach about risk. And how to
problems
walking? (2)
Therapy
manoeuvre safely, effectively
Do they sway
Physiotherapy
and efficiently.
significantly on
Falls Clinic/ICT (1)
Physiotherapy evaluation for
standing?(3)
range of movement, strength,
Do basic balance
balance and/or gait exercises.
test such as Timed
Transfer exercises.
Up & Go test
Evaluate for assistive devices.
Consider environmental
modifications (a) to compensate
for disability and to maximise
safety, (b) so that daily
activities do not require
stooping or reaching overhead.
4) Postural
Two readings taken
District Nurse
Offer extra pillows or consider
hypotension (low
1. After rest five
Practice nurse
raising head of bed if severe.
blood pressure)
minutes supine
General Practitioner
Review medications.
2. 1 minutes later
Falls Clinic (1)
Teach to stabilise self after
standing
changing position and before
Drop in systolic BP
walking.
Avoid dehydration
20mmHg and or drop in
diastolic 10mmgHg
or more
1. Consider Falls Clinic/ Intermediate Care Referral Form.
2. While the patient is walking ask them a question but keep walking while you do so. If the patient stops
walking either immediately or as soon as they start to answer, they are at higher risk of falling.
3. The patient stands between the assessor and the examination couch (or something they can safely hold
on to). First assess if the person sways significantly (raises arms or compensates foot placement) while
standing freely. Then ask the person to take their weight on to one leg and try to lift the other foot off
the floor by about an inch (allow a few practice attempts).

Download Falls Risk Assessment Tool Template for Older People

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