Form JDF1700 "Instructions to File for Grandparent or Greatgrandparent Visitation" - Colorado

What Is Form JDF1700?

This is a legal form that was released by the Colorado Judicial Branch - a government authority operating within Colorado. As of today, no separate filing guidelines for the form are provided by the issuing department.

Form Details:

  • Released on February 1, 2015;
  • The latest edition provided by the Colorado Judicial Branch;
  • Easy to use and ready to print;
  • Quick to customize;
  • Compatible with most PDF-viewing applications;
  • Fill out the form in our online filing application.

Download a printable version of Form JDF1700 by clicking the link below or browse more documents and templates provided by the Colorado Judicial Branch.

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INSTRUCTIONS TO FILE FOR GRANDPARENT OR GREAT-
GRANDPARENT VISITATION
These standard instructions are for informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice
about your case. If you choose to represent yourself, you are bound by the same rules and procedures
as an attorney.
GENERAL INFORMATION
 This information provides a guide to the forms necessary to file for grandparent or great-grandparent
visitation.
 A grandparent or great-grandparent of a child might be eligible to obtain reasonable visitation
rights when: (i) there is or has been judicial intervention into the marriage or civil union of the child’s
parents; (ii) there is or has been a judicial placement of the child outside the family; or (iii) there has
been a death of the grandparent’s child or the great-grandparent’s grandchild. A grandparent or
great-grandparent may seek a visitation order from the court in the following cases:
1. Where the child’s parents have a Domestic Relations (DR) Case that involves a Dissolution of
Marriage or Civil Union, Legal Separation (Marriage or Civil Union), Allocation of Parental
Responsibilities or Invalidity of Marriage or Civil Union (Annulment).
2. Where the child is the subject of a Juvenile (JV) case that involves the Allocation of Parental
Responsibilities or determination of paternity.
3. If the child is the subject of a Juvenile (JV) case that involves Dependency and Neglect and the
child has been placed outside of and does not reside in the home of the child’s parent.
4. Where the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the grandchild of the great-
grandparent seeking visitation has died and a Probate (PR) guardianship case is pending or
closed.
5. Where the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the grandchild of the great-
grandparent seeking visitation has died and a Probate (PR) decedent’s estate case is pending or
closed, or where no Probate case exists. In these situations, the Pleading Affidavit must be filed
in a new Juvenile (JV) action.
 A grandparent or great-grandparent of a child might not be eligible to obtain visitation rights if the
following circumstances exist, unless the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the
grandchild of the great-grandparent has died:
1. If parental rights of the child’s parents have been terminated.
2. If the child has been placed for adoption or the adoption has been legally finalized.
3. If the parents of the child have not participated in a Domestic Relations, Juvenile or Probate case
as identified in numbers 1 – 3 above.
 The grandparent(s) or great-grandparent(s) can file either a Motion to Intervene pursuant to Rule 24
of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure in an already existing case or they can file a Pleading
Affidavit to request grandparent or great-grandparent visitation in a new Juvenile (JV) action where
the child’s parent, who is the child of the grandparent or grandchild of the great-grandparent seeking
visitation, has died.
1. Where there is an existing case (see numbers 1-4 above): the Motion to Intervene for
Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation must be filed in the county where the child resides.
This must be followed even in the situation where the original case involving the child was filed in
a different county than where the child currently lives.
a. If the original DR, JV or PR case involving the child is in a different county, you will need
to file a Motion to Intervene along with a Motion for Change of Venue in the county where
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INSTRUCTIONS TO FILE FOR GRANDPARENT OR GREAT-GRANDPARENT VISITATION
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INSTRUCTIONS TO FILE FOR GRANDPARENT OR GREAT-
GRANDPARENT VISITATION
These standard instructions are for informational purposes only and do not constitute legal advice
about your case. If you choose to represent yourself, you are bound by the same rules and procedures
as an attorney.
GENERAL INFORMATION
 This information provides a guide to the forms necessary to file for grandparent or great-grandparent
visitation.
 A grandparent or great-grandparent of a child might be eligible to obtain reasonable visitation
rights when: (i) there is or has been judicial intervention into the marriage or civil union of the child’s
parents; (ii) there is or has been a judicial placement of the child outside the family; or (iii) there has
been a death of the grandparent’s child or the great-grandparent’s grandchild. A grandparent or
great-grandparent may seek a visitation order from the court in the following cases:
1. Where the child’s parents have a Domestic Relations (DR) Case that involves a Dissolution of
Marriage or Civil Union, Legal Separation (Marriage or Civil Union), Allocation of Parental
Responsibilities or Invalidity of Marriage or Civil Union (Annulment).
2. Where the child is the subject of a Juvenile (JV) case that involves the Allocation of Parental
Responsibilities or determination of paternity.
3. If the child is the subject of a Juvenile (JV) case that involves Dependency and Neglect and the
child has been placed outside of and does not reside in the home of the child’s parent.
4. Where the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the grandchild of the great-
grandparent seeking visitation has died and a Probate (PR) guardianship case is pending or
closed.
5. Where the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the grandchild of the great-
grandparent seeking visitation has died and a Probate (PR) decedent’s estate case is pending or
closed, or where no Probate case exists. In these situations, the Pleading Affidavit must be filed
in a new Juvenile (JV) action.
 A grandparent or great-grandparent of a child might not be eligible to obtain visitation rights if the
following circumstances exist, unless the child’s parent who is the child of the grandparent or the
grandchild of the great-grandparent has died:
1. If parental rights of the child’s parents have been terminated.
2. If the child has been placed for adoption or the adoption has been legally finalized.
3. If the parents of the child have not participated in a Domestic Relations, Juvenile or Probate case
as identified in numbers 1 – 3 above.
 The grandparent(s) or great-grandparent(s) can file either a Motion to Intervene pursuant to Rule 24
of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure in an already existing case or they can file a Pleading
Affidavit to request grandparent or great-grandparent visitation in a new Juvenile (JV) action where
the child’s parent, who is the child of the grandparent or grandchild of the great-grandparent seeking
visitation, has died.
1. Where there is an existing case (see numbers 1-4 above): the Motion to Intervene for
Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation must be filed in the county where the child resides.
This must be followed even in the situation where the original case involving the child was filed in
a different county than where the child currently lives.
a. If the original DR, JV or PR case involving the child is in a different county, you will need
to file a Motion to Intervene along with a Motion for Change of Venue in the county where
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the original case is. Once the Court issues an Order for Change of Venue, you can file
the Order along with the Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent
Visitation in the county where the child resides.
b. If Colorado does not have the original case, you may need to file in the originating court.
This is the court that has child custody jurisdiction. If this situation applies to you consult
an attorney to assist with the filing of the documents.
2. Where an Estate Case is pending, closed or no case exists (see number 5 above): the Pleading
Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation must be filed in a new Juvenile action in the
county where the child resides.
 No grandparent or great-grandparent may seek an order granting visitation rights more than once
every two years, without court approval.
 If there are matters or issues that you and the other parties cannot resolve, mediation or other forms
of alternative dispute resolution may be an option. For more information, call the State Office of
Dispute Resolution at (720) 625-5940 or check with your local Court to obtain information on local
mediators.
 Review the statute on this subject matter, see §19-1-117, C.R.S.
 If you have a disability and need a reasonable accommodation to access the courts, please contact
your local ADA Coordinator. Contact information can be obtained from the following website:
http://www.courts.state.co.us/Administration/HR/ADA/Coordinator_List.cfm
COMMON TERMS
 Petitioner:
The person identified in the original Petition filed with the Court.
 Co-Petitioner:
The person identified in the original Petition filed with the Court.
 Respondent:
The person identified in the original Petition filed with the Court.
 Intervenor:
A person who voluntarily interposes in an action or other
proceeding with the approval of the court.
 Stipulation:
A written agreement prepared by the parties.
 Parental Responsibilities:
This term includes both parenting time and decision-making
responsibilities regarding the children. (The term “Custody” is no
longer used.)
 Hearing Date:
The date that the parties must appear in Court.
 Mediation:
A confidential process whereby a trained neutral third party
assists disputing parties to reach their own solution.
 Alternative Dispute Resolution:
A process that allows parties to resolve their dispute without
litigating the matter in Court.
 May:
In legal terms, “may” is defined as “optional” or “can”.
 Shall:
In legal terms, “shall” is defined as “required”.
If you do not understand this information, please contact an attorney. You may also contact the
Family Court Facilitator at your local courthouse, if one is available in your Judicial District.
FEES
The filing fees identified below are based on if you file a Motion to Intervene or an independent action by
filing a Petition.
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 The filing fee for an Intervenor is $223.00 in a Domestic Relations (DR) case or a Juvenile
Paternity or Allocation of Parental Responsibilities (child custody) (JV) case. No filing fee is
required in a Probate (PR) or Juvenile Dependency and Neglect (JV) case.
 The filing fee for a Petitioner is $223.00. The Pleading Affidavit is filed in a Juvenile case.
If you are unable to pay the filing fee, you must complete the Motion to File without Payment and
Supporting Financial Affidavit (JDF 205) and submit it to the Court. Once you submit the completed JDF
205 form and a blank Order (JDF 206), the Court will decide whether you need to pay the filing fee. Some
Courts require mediation and may require these fees to be paid upon the filing of the case.
Other fees that a party to the case may encounter are as follows:
Certification Fee
$20.00
Copies of Documents (Documents on File)
$.75 per page or $1.50 if double sided
Copies of Documents (Documents not on File)
$.25 per page or $.50 if double sided
FORMS
and click on the “Self-Help/Forms” tab. The
To access a form online go to
www.courts.state.co.us
packet/forms are available in PDF and WORD by selecting All Court Forms and Instructions - Divorce,
Family Matters, Civil Unions – Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation. You may complete a
form online or you may print it and type or print legibly in black ink.
The forms and process identified below, only apply if you have elected to file as an Intervenor. If
you file as a Petitioner, you may wish to consult with an attorney.
JDF 1704
Motion to Intervene
JDF 1705
Order to Intervene
JDF 1701
Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation
JDF 1702
Order re: Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation
STEPS TO FILING
Step 1:
Complete Initial Forms.
Selecting these instructions indicates that you plan to intervene in a case. You must identify the parties as
the Petitioner or Co-Petitioner/Respondent depending on their “title/role” in the original case. You will
need to identify yourself as the “Grandparent(s)/Great-Grandparent(s)Intervenor(s). The caption area
needs to be completed on all forms filed. Keep a copy of each form for your own records and make a
copy to provide to the other party.
District Court Juvenile Court
_________________ County, Colorado
Court Address:
In re:
The Marriage of:
The Civil Union of:
Parental Responsibilities concerning:
______________________________________________
Petitioner:
and
Co-Petitioner/Respondent:
COURT USE ONLY
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and concerning:
Grandparent(s) Great-Grandparent(s) Intervenor(s)
Attorney or Party Without Attorney
:
Case Number:
(Name and Address)
Phone Number:
E-mail:
FAX Number:
Atty. Reg.#:
Division
Courtroom
Name of Form
Motion to Intervene (JDF 1704):
The purpose of this Motion, filed in pursuant to Rule 24 of the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure,
is for the parties to state why they wish to intervene in the case. Approval of the Motion allows the
Court to add the parties to the case.
Please complete all sections of this form.
Order to Intervene (JDF 1705):
Complete the caption only on this form.
The Magistrate or Judge will complete the rest of the Order and give you and the other party a
signed copy.
Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation (JDF 1701):
The purpose of this Pleading Affidavit is for the parties to state the visitation being requested. It is
important to provide details, for example, including times, days or dates, means of transporting
the children and any other details specific to address your visitation.
Please complete all sections of this form.
You must provide a copy of the Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent
Visitation to the party who has legal custody of the child or the party with parental
responsibilities as determined by the Court.
Complete the Certificate of Service portion. The purpose of the Certificate of Service is to
notify the Court when and how you provided copies of the Motion to all parties in the case.
This is very important, because the Court must have knowledge that all parties involved are
aware of the Motion prior to any Court action being taken.
Order Re: Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent Visitation (JDF 1702):
Complete the caption only on this form.
Provide the Court with the appropriate number of copies you would like.
If you want any of the copies to be certified, you will need to provide the Court with $20.00 per
certified copy.
The Magistrate or Judge will complete the rest of the Order and give you and the other party a
signed copy.
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Step 2:
You are Ready to File your Documents with the Court.
Pay the Intervenor filing fee of $223.00, if applicable.
The Motion to Intervene will be filed in the existing (JV, PR – Guardianship action, DR) case
related to the child.
If you filing a Motion to Intervene and there is an existing Paternity or Dependency and Neglect
case, a new Juvenile (JV) case will be established, since such cases are confidential and
considered a non-public case.
Provide the Court with all the documents identified in Step 1.
Provide the Court with a self-addressed stamped envelope to receive a copy of the Order to
Intervene, unless they are a mandatory e-file Court.
Step 3:
Provide All Documents Filed with the Court to the Other Part(ies).
You must provide a copy of all documents filed with the Court to the part(ies) who have legal
custody of the child or to the part(ies) with parental responsibilities as determined by the Court.
Complete the Certificate of Service portion on both forms. The purpose of the Certificate of
Service is to notify the Court when and how you provided copies of the Motion and Pleading
Affidavit to all parties in the case. This is very important, because the Court must have knowledge
that all parties involved are aware of the Motion to Intervene and the Pleading Affidavit regarding
grandparent/great-grandparent visitation prior to any Court action being taken.
Step 4:
Court Review of Motion to Intervene.
A hearing is not required. If you believe a hearing is necessary, please check with the Court to determine
what their procedures are for the setting of a hearing. The Judge or Magistrate will review the Motion to
Intervene and enter an Order as appropriate.
Step 5:
File Pleading Affidavit and Order.
The Pleading Affidavit and Order re: Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent
Visitation must be filed in the county where the child resides.
If the original DR, JV or PR case involving the child is in a different county, you will need to file a
Motion for Change of Venue (JDF 1323) and an Order for Change of Venue (JDF 1324) in the
county where the original case is located. Once the Court issues an Order for Change of Venue
(JDF 1324), you can file the Order along with the Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-
Grandparent Visitation in the county where the child resides.
You will receive a signed copy of the Order Re: Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-
Grandparent Visitation.
Step 6:
Court Review of Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-
Grandparent Visitation.
A hearing shall be held if either party requests a hearing or if the Court determines that a hearing is in the
best interests of the child. If you believe a hearing is necessary, please check with the Court to determine
what their procedures are for the setting of a hearing.
The Judge or Magistrate will review the Pleading Affidavit for Grandparent or Great-Grandparent
Visitation and enter an Order as appropriate.
If your visitation has been ordered and it is not being granted by the custodian,
you have certain rights of enforcement, pursuant to §19-1-117.5, C.R.S.
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