"Verbs Ser and Estar Spanish Language Worksheet"

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Ser vs. Estar
To Be
subject pronouns
ser – to be
estar – to be
SER and ESTAR both mean TO BE in English. So how do you know which one to
use?
SER is often used for more permanent or stable characteristics, such as:
- Origin & Nationality
- Physical Traits
- Personality Traits
ESTAR is often used for more temporary conditions, such as:
- Feelings & Emotions
- Location
How you feel and where you are is when you use the verb “estar.”
What you’re like and where you’re from is when you use the other one.
Examples:
I am sad.
Yo estoy triste.
Feelings = Estar
I am tall.
Yo soy alto.
Physical Characteristics = Ser
He is in Spanish class.
Él está en la clase de español.
Location = Estar
He is from Spain.
Él es de España.
Origin = Ser
Ser vs. Estar
To Be
subject pronouns
ser – to be
estar – to be
SER and ESTAR both mean TO BE in English. So how do you know which one to
use?
SER is often used for more permanent or stable characteristics, such as:
- Origin & Nationality
- Physical Traits
- Personality Traits
ESTAR is often used for more temporary conditions, such as:
- Feelings & Emotions
- Location
How you feel and where you are is when you use the verb “estar.”
What you’re like and where you’re from is when you use the other one.
Examples:
I am sad.
Yo estoy triste.
Feelings = Estar
I am tall.
Yo soy alto.
Physical Characteristics = Ser
He is in Spanish class.
Él está en la clase de español.
Location = Estar
He is from Spain.
Él es de España.
Origin = Ser
Determine whether the following sentences would require the use of ser
or estar. Write either ser or estar on the line provided.
1. __________ He is short.
2. __________ She is happy.
3. __________ We are from Mexico.
4. __________ The pencil is in my backpack.
5. __________ I am in the car.
6. __________ They are nice.
7. __________ She is Mexican.
8. __________ You are surprised.
Translate the following sentences to Spanish:
1. I am intelligent. _______________________________________________
2. The teacher is happy. __________________________________________
3. He is from Colombia. ___________________________________________
4. You are short. ________________________________________________
5. They are nice. ________________________________________________
6. The pen is in my backpack. ______________________________________
Summary of Ser vs. Estar:
Ser and Estar both mean: ____________________________________________
The forms of the verb ser are: ________________________________________
The forms of the verb estar are: ______________________________________
3 uses of the verb ser are: ___________________________________________
2 uses of the verb estar are: _________________________________________
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