"Application Form for a Compost Facility" - New Brunswick, Canada

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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of
Composting Facilities in New Brunswick
Rationale
For decades, environmental regulators and industrial sectors have been challenged by
issues and concerns related to the management of organic wastes. Large volumes of
nutrient containing ashes, sludges, manures, fish and animal wastes and bio-solids have
been buried or disposed of in landfills.
Today, these materials are recognized for their nutrient value and are seen as valuable
feedstocks for the production of compost and manufactured soils. This sector is removing
thousands of tonnes of former wastes from the environment by incorporating them into
the production of value-added products.
The use of compost and manufactured topsoil can rejuvenate agricultural soils, increase
crop yield and reduce reliance on chemical fertilizer. The use of manufactured topsoil
reduces the need to extract topsoil from prime agricultural land and from flood plains,
which in turn prevents unwanted erosion and sedimentation of watercourses. The future
of the composting industry and its positive environmental benefits make composting an
integral part of the drive toward environmental sustainability.
Objective
The purpose of this document is to clarify when an approval to operate under the Water
Quality Regulation – Clean Environment Act is required for a Composting Facility in New
Brunswick, provide siting requirements necessary to minimize the potential environmental
impacts associated with its operation and give the information required by the Department
of Environment and Local Government (Department) in order to issue an Approval to
Operate.
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
Page 1 of 9
Effective: May, 2019
DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of
Composting Facilities in New Brunswick
Rationale
For decades, environmental regulators and industrial sectors have been challenged by
issues and concerns related to the management of organic wastes. Large volumes of
nutrient containing ashes, sludges, manures, fish and animal wastes and bio-solids have
been buried or disposed of in landfills.
Today, these materials are recognized for their nutrient value and are seen as valuable
feedstocks for the production of compost and manufactured soils. This sector is removing
thousands of tonnes of former wastes from the environment by incorporating them into
the production of value-added products.
The use of compost and manufactured topsoil can rejuvenate agricultural soils, increase
crop yield and reduce reliance on chemical fertilizer. The use of manufactured topsoil
reduces the need to extract topsoil from prime agricultural land and from flood plains,
which in turn prevents unwanted erosion and sedimentation of watercourses. The future
of the composting industry and its positive environmental benefits make composting an
integral part of the drive toward environmental sustainability.
Objective
The purpose of this document is to clarify when an approval to operate under the Water
Quality Regulation – Clean Environment Act is required for a Composting Facility in New
Brunswick, provide siting requirements necessary to minimize the potential environmental
impacts associated with its operation and give the information required by the Department
of Environment and Local Government (Department) in order to issue an Approval to
Operate.
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
Page 1 of 9
Effective: May, 2019
Definitions
In this guideline:
“Abattoir” means a slaughterhouse and any place where cattle, sheep, swine, poultry or
other animals are killed for use as food.
“Abattoir Waste and Carcasses” means any remains (including offal) from an animal or
rejected carcasses generated in the operation of an abattoir or on-farm.
“Abattoir Waste & Carcass Disposal Guidelines” means the New Brunswick Abattoir
Waste and Carcass Disposal Guidelines, June 2014. This document was developed
and approved by the members of the Industry-Government committee on abattoir waste
disposal established in 2009. Government was represented by the Department of
Health, the Department of Environment and Local Government, and the Department of
Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fisheries.
“Biosolids” means stabilized sewage sludge with a solids content greater than 15%
resulting from a wastewater treatment process or septage treatment process. The
material has been sufficiently treated to reduce pathogen densities and vector attraction
to allow the sludge to be composted.
“Compost” means a product consisting primarily of decayed organic matter that is
predominantly used for fertilizing and conditioning land. The compost is produced
through the controlled biological oxidation and decomposition of organic matter.
“Compost Facility” means a facility that is engaged in the controlled biological
decomposition of organic matter in the quantities and composition described under
Class 11 to 13, to produce compost. This does not include back yard composting or on-
farm composting as defined in this guideline or Minor Composting Facility as defined in
the Abattoir Waste & Carcass Disposal Guidelines.
“Professional Engineer (P.Eng.)” means a person with appropriate qualifications as per
the requirements of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of New
Brunswick (APEGNB) and the NB Engineering and Geoscience Professions Act.
“Class 11 Compost Facility” means a composting facility processing domestic solid
waste or domestic wastewater biosolids.
“Class 12 Compost Facility” means a composting facility processing organic matter
other than domestic solid waste or domestic wastewater biosolids, producing quantities
of 3000 cubic metres (m3) or more of finished product per year.
“Class 13 Compost Facility” means a composting facility processing organic matter,
excluding municipal solid waste, human biosolids, and Abattoir Waste and Carcasses
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
Page 2 of 9
Effective: May, 2019
and producing less than 3000 cubic metres (m3) of finished product per year.
(Typically, Class 13 facilities are exempt from the requirements to retain a Professional
Engineer and from installing monitoring wells).
“Compost Facility Owner” means the holder of an Approval to operate a compost
facility.
“Organic Matter” means material derived from plant or animal origin. The material may
be at different stages of decomposition. Organic matter may include soil and other
ingredients if they are shown to be beneficial to the compost process.
Applicability
Although any Compost Facility could require an approval to operate if it is causing
adverse effects on the environment, an approval to operate is generally not required for
these situations:
-
Back Yard Composting involving the composting of food waste or yard waste,
or both, at a site where (a) the food waste or yard waste is generated by the
residents of a residential dwelling unit, and (b) the annual production of compost
does not exceed 15 cubic metres (m3) per year ;
-
On-farm composting involving the composting of animal manure in a balanced
recipe with wood or crop residue as long as annual production does not exceed
1,500 cubic metres (m3) annually. The facility must have enough agricultural
land base to accommodate the nutrient supply of the finished compost over a
two-year period. Agricultural producers may sell compost at the farm gate;
-
Compost facilities composting Abattoir Waste and Carcasses that is a Minor
Composting Facility as defined in the Abattoir Waste & Carcass Disposal
Guidelines. But those facilities should be operated in accordance with the
Abattoir Waste & Carcass Disposal Guidelines.
An approval to operate is to be obtained from the Department for any other Compost
Facility operating in New Brunswick.
These guidelines apply to new composting facilities. Existing facilities will not be required
to be upgraded to meet these guidelines except if there are some significant modifications
to the facility. Some requirements from these guidelines may be required for existing
facilities, on a case-by-case basis, if it is determined that the environment is impacted by
those facilities.
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
Page 3 of 9
Effective: May, 2019
Site Selection
A number of criteria have been established to assist with locating compost facilities,
considering typical environmental and land use requirements in New Brunswick.
Separation Distances
Separation distances between composting facilities and adjacent land users are
necessary in order to minimize potential conflicts between non-compatible land uses, to
minimize odour-related problems and to ensure the integrity of groundwater systems.
The setback distances apply to Class 11, 12 and 13 facilities. Setback distances may be
adjusted, based on site-specific conditions and based on a rationale acceptable to the
regulator. Deviations from the guidelines will be considered by the Department of
Environment and Local government based on the type of material to be composted,
specific composting site conditions, operational procedures, etc. The applicant may be
required to submit additional information in support of any request to deviate from the
guidelines.
Table 1: Setback distances from receptors
Receptor
Class 11/12
Class 13
(metres)
(metres)
Water supply wells
300
150
Residences
300
300
Commercial, Industrial or Institutional buildings and sensitive
300
150
areas used as parks, campgrounds, tourist attractions, etc
Watercourses (from the bank or the ordinary high water mark)
150
100
Wetlands
100
30
Right-of-way boundary of public highways
50
30
International/Provincial Borders
500
500
Any other adjacent properties
50
30
Flood Plains
60
30
For compost facilities composting Abattoir Waste and Carcasses, if there is any disparity
between this guideline and the Abattoir Waste & Carcass Disposal Guidelines, the most
stringent setback applies.
Additionally, a composting facility shall not be located in an area subject to flooding, within
a protected area as designated by Regulation 2001-83 of the Clean Water Act for drinking
water supply watersheds or within a protected area as designated by Regulation 2000-
47 of the Clean Water Act for drinking water supply wellfields.
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
Page 4 of 9
Effective: May, 2019
Other Site Selection Considerations
Other factors which shall be considered during site selection include:
-
Being within compatible land uses,
-
Providing sufficient overburden to be 1 m above bedrock and the seasonal high
ground water table,
-
Located on ground that is not excessively sloped to prevent erosion but sufficiently
sloped to promote proper surface drainage,
-
Providing an all weather access road,
-
Providing controlled access to the site, and
-
Providing a treed buffer between the site and receptors.
Application Requirements
Application form
The proponent is to submit a completed application form (copy attached) with all
supporting documentation to the Department of the Environment and Local Government
Authorization Branch four weeks prior to requiring approval for the Site.
Applications submitted with insufficient information may encounter processing delays.
Site approval is based on an assessment of all components of the application.
Compliance with other by-laws, acts or regulations
The issuance of an approval to operate does not relieve the Approval Holder from
compliance with other by-laws, federal or provincial acts or regulations, or any guidelines
issued pursuant to regulations.
Supporting Documentation
The Design of Class 11 and 12 composting facilities must involve a Professional Engineer:
All design documentation must be signed and sealed by a member of the New Brunswick
Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists. Although it is not required for Class
13 composting facilities, proponents may need to get professional advice for some of the
design features.
Scaled Drawing
Every composting facility shall submit a scaled drawing depicting the layout of the facility on
the property. The scaled drawing for all Class 11 and 12 facilities is to be approved and
stamped by a Professional Engineer. The drawing shall include:
-
the location of all pads/areas (receiving, composting, curing, etc.)
-
surface water runoff management features such as ditches, sedimentation ponds
and effluent treatment facilities
-
the location of monitoring wells (Class 11 and 12 only)
-
the distance to each of the receptors identified in this document under Siting
Standards
Guidelines for the Site Selection, Operation and Approval of Composting Facilities
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Effective: May, 2019
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