"Colliding Continents - Earth Science Worksheet"

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Name ________________________ Hour ____
Nat Geo Colliding Continents Worksheet
Earth Science: National Geographic – Colliding Continents Video Worksheet
1. List the 7 continents. _______________ _______________ _______________
_______________ _______________ _______________ _______________
2. 4.6 billion years ago, the Earth is created from what? _________________________
3. The heaviest elements, including _____________ and _____________, sink in the
early molten Earth to form the _________________.
4. The lighter elements, including ______________ and _______________ rise towards
the surface and erupt in volcanoes as molten rock.
5. Most scientists believe that the water that formed our oceans came from many,
many ________________, which contained water.
6. How old was Earth believed to be when the first early, relatively stable land masses
formed? _______________ years old
7. What continent is believed to be the site of the earliest giant continental land mass
on Earth? _______________
8. What type of rock formed the first continents? _________________________
9. As radioactive uranium decays it turns into what stable element? _______________
10. Why is granite less dense than other rock in Earth’s mantle? __________________
11. The ‘giant jigsaw puzzle’ of interlocking pieces that make up Earth’s crust are called
what? __________________________
12. The tectonic plates “float” on what layer of Earth? __________________________
13. Evidence for the theory of continental drift was first proposed in 1912 by what
German Scientist? __________________________________
14. When Wegener first proposed his theory of continental drift, why did the scientific
community reject his ideas? ____________________________________________
Video Worksheet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KCSJNBMOjJs&list=HL1359292422
Name ________________________ Hour ____
Nat Geo Colliding Continents Worksheet
Earth Science: National Geographic – Colliding Continents Video Worksheet
1. List the 7 continents. _______________ _______________ _______________
_______________ _______________ _______________ _______________
2. 4.6 billion years ago, the Earth is created from what? _________________________
3. The heaviest elements, including _____________ and _____________, sink in the
early molten Earth to form the _________________.
4. The lighter elements, including ______________ and _______________ rise towards
the surface and erupt in volcanoes as molten rock.
5. Most scientists believe that the water that formed our oceans came from many,
many ________________, which contained water.
6. How old was Earth believed to be when the first early, relatively stable land masses
formed? _______________ years old
7. What continent is believed to be the site of the earliest giant continental land mass
on Earth? _______________
8. What type of rock formed the first continents? _________________________
9. As radioactive uranium decays it turns into what stable element? _______________
10. Why is granite less dense than other rock in Earth’s mantle? __________________
11. The ‘giant jigsaw puzzle’ of interlocking pieces that make up Earth’s crust are called
what? __________________________
12. The tectonic plates “float” on what layer of Earth? __________________________
13. Evidence for the theory of continental drift was first proposed in 1912 by what
German Scientist? __________________________________
14. When Wegener first proposed his theory of continental drift, why did the scientific
community reject his ideas? ____________________________________________
Video Worksheet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KCSJNBMOjJs&list=HL1359292422
Name ________________________ Hour ____
Nat Geo Colliding Continents Worksheet
15. Heat escaping from the core creates ____________ _______________ in the next
layer of the Earth, the ______________________.
16. How many tectonic plates can be identified on Earth today? __________________
17. Where does old seafloor sink back into the Earth to be recycled? ______________
18. The world’s last supercontinent is known as _____________________.
19. How many years ago did the supercontinent Pangaea begin breaking up?
___________ years ago
20. During the break-up of Pangaea, South America split off from ______________,
North America split off from ________________, and Australia split off from
__________________ and drifted north.
21. As plates move across the Earth, crust and rock is dragged back down into the Earth
at what type of zones? ____________________ zones
22. When continental crust collides with continental crust at convergent plate
boundaries and no subduction occurs, what begins to form? _________________
23. The formation of the Alps is the direct result of collision between what two
continents? ____________________ and ____________________
24. The Himalayan mountain range formed as a result of the collision of what two
tectonic plates? ____________________ and ____________________
25. The Grand Canyon is located in what state? ____________________
26. How long and wide is the Grand Canyon? _______ miles long, _______ miles wide
27. Describe the relationship between the age of rock layers and the depth travelled
into the Grand Canyon. ________________________________________________
28. 250 million years ago the Grand Canyon began to form when what two plates
began to collide? ____________________ and ____________________
Video Worksheet http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KCSJNBMOjJs&list=HL1359292422
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