"Acids, Bases and Salts Formulas and Names Cheat Sheet"

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Kantonsschule Kreuzlingen, Klaus Hensler
Name:
C
W
S
– Formula and Names of Acids, Bases and Salts
HEMISTRY
ORKING
HEET
Build the empirical formulae and the names of the chemical compounds which form from the following ions and complex ions. Write the names of the
respective ions into the grey boxes.
+
+
2+
3+
2+
3+
+
H
Na
Ca
Al
Fe
Fe
[NH
]
4
names of the ions
iron(II)
iron(III)
ammonium
chloride
HCl
NaCl
CaCl
AlCl
FeCl
FeCl
NH
Cl
1. Cl
2
3
2
3
4
hydrogen chloride
sodium chloride
calcium chloride
aluminium chloride
iron(II) chloride
iron(III) chloride
ammonium chloride
(> hydrochloric
table/cooking salt
acid)
2–
oxide
H
O
Na
O
CaO
Al
O
FeO
Fe
O
(NH
)
O
2. O
2
2
2
3
2
3
4
2
dihydrogen
(di)sodium oxide
calcium oxide
aluminium oxide
iron(II) oxide
iron(III) oxide
ammonium oxide
monoxide, water
lime
Sapphire, Ruby,
Hematite (ore)
Corundum
hydroxide
H
O
NaOH
Ca(OH)
Al(OH)
Fe(OH)
Fe(OH)
NH
OH
S [OH]
2
2
3
2
3
4
dihydrogen
sodium hydroxide
calcium hydroxide
aluminium hydroxide
iron(II) hydroxide
iron(III) hydroxide
ammonium
monoxide, water
(–> caustic soda)
slaked lime
hydroxide
(part of rust)
2–
sulfide
H
S
Na
S
CaS
Al
S
FeS
Fe
S
(NH
)
S
4. S
2
2
2
3
2
3
4
2
hydrogen sulfide
(di)sodium sulfide
calcium sulfide
aluminium sulfide
iron(II) sulfide
iron(III) sulfide
ammonium sulfide
Pyrite, fool’s gold
2–
Sulfate
H
SO
Na
SO
CaSO
Al
(SO
)
FeSO
Fe
(SO
)
(NH
)
SO
5. [SO
]
2
4
2
4
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
4
sulfuric acid
(di)sodium sulfate
calcium sulfate
aluminium sulfate
iron(II) sulfate
iron(III) sulfate
ammonium sulfate
Glauber’s salt
cast, gypsum
bisulfate
H
SO
NaHSO
Ca(HSO
)
Al(HSO
)
Fe(HSO
)
Fe(HSO
)
NH
HSO
6. [HSO
]
2
4
4
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
4
4
hydrogen sulfate
sulfuric acid
sodium bisulfate /
calcium bisulfate /
aluminium bisulfate/
iron(II) bisulfate /
iron(III) bisulfate /
ammonium bisulfate/
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
2–
sulfite
H
SO
Na
SO
CaSO
Al
(SO
)
Fe
SO
Fe
(SO
)
(NH
)
SO
7. [SO
]
2
3
2
3
3
2
4
3
2
4
2
4
3
4
2
3
3
sulfurous acid
(di)sodium sulfite
calcium sulfite
aluminium sulfite
iron(II) sulfite
iron(III) sulfite
ammonium sulfite
Kantonsschule Kreuzlingen, Klaus Hensler
Name:
C
W
S
– Formula and Names of Acids, Bases and Salts
HEMISTRY
ORKING
HEET
Build the empirical formulae and the names of the chemical compounds which form from the following ions and complex ions. Write the names of the
respective ions into the grey boxes.
+
+
2+
3+
2+
3+
+
H
Na
Ca
Al
Fe
Fe
[NH
]
4
names of the ions
iron(II)
iron(III)
ammonium
chloride
HCl
NaCl
CaCl
AlCl
FeCl
FeCl
NH
Cl
1. Cl
2
3
2
3
4
hydrogen chloride
sodium chloride
calcium chloride
aluminium chloride
iron(II) chloride
iron(III) chloride
ammonium chloride
(> hydrochloric
table/cooking salt
acid)
2–
oxide
H
O
Na
O
CaO
Al
O
FeO
Fe
O
(NH
)
O
2. O
2
2
2
3
2
3
4
2
dihydrogen
(di)sodium oxide
calcium oxide
aluminium oxide
iron(II) oxide
iron(III) oxide
ammonium oxide
monoxide, water
lime
Sapphire, Ruby,
Hematite (ore)
Corundum
hydroxide
H
O
NaOH
Ca(OH)
Al(OH)
Fe(OH)
Fe(OH)
NH
OH
S [OH]
2
2
3
2
3
4
dihydrogen
sodium hydroxide
calcium hydroxide
aluminium hydroxide
iron(II) hydroxide
iron(III) hydroxide
ammonium
monoxide, water
(–> caustic soda)
slaked lime
hydroxide
(part of rust)
2–
sulfide
H
S
Na
S
CaS
Al
S
FeS
Fe
S
(NH
)
S
4. S
2
2
2
3
2
3
4
2
hydrogen sulfide
(di)sodium sulfide
calcium sulfide
aluminium sulfide
iron(II) sulfide
iron(III) sulfide
ammonium sulfide
Pyrite, fool’s gold
2–
Sulfate
H
SO
Na
SO
CaSO
Al
(SO
)
FeSO
Fe
(SO
)
(NH
)
SO
5. [SO
]
2
4
2
4
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
4
sulfuric acid
(di)sodium sulfate
calcium sulfate
aluminium sulfate
iron(II) sulfate
iron(III) sulfate
ammonium sulfate
Glauber’s salt
cast, gypsum
bisulfate
H
SO
NaHSO
Ca(HSO
)
Al(HSO
)
Fe(HSO
)
Fe(HSO
)
NH
HSO
6. [HSO
]
2
4
4
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
4
4
hydrogen sulfate
sulfuric acid
sodium bisulfate /
calcium bisulfate /
aluminium bisulfate/
iron(II) bisulfate /
iron(III) bisulfate /
ammonium bisulfate/
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
hydrogen sulfate
2–
sulfite
H
SO
Na
SO
CaSO
Al
(SO
)
Fe
SO
Fe
(SO
)
(NH
)
SO
7. [SO
]
2
3
2
3
3
2
4
3
2
4
2
4
3
4
2
3
3
sulfurous acid
(di)sodium sulfite
calcium sulfite
aluminium sulfite
iron(II) sulfite
iron(III) sulfite
ammonium sulfite
Kantonsschule Kreuzlingen, Klaus Hensler
Name:
+
+
2+
3+
2+
3+
+
H
Na
Ca
Al
Fe
Fe
[NH
]
4
2–
carbonate
H
CO
Na
CO
CaCO
Al
(CO
)
FeCO
Fe
(CO
)
(NH
)
CO
8. [CO
]
2
3
2
3
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
4
2
3
3
carbonic acid
sodium carbonate
calcium carbonate
aluminium carbonate
iron(II) carbonate
iron(III) carbonate
ammonium
soda
limestone
siderit (ore)
carbonate
bicarbonate
H
CO
NaHCO
Ca(HCO
)
Al(HCO
)
Fe(HCO
)
Fe(HCO
)
NH
HCO
9. [HCO
]
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
4
3
3
hydrogen carbonate
carbonic acid
sodium bicarbonate
calcium bicarbonate/
aluminium
iron(II) bicarbonate/
iron(III) bicarbonate/
ammonium
hydrogen carbonate
bicarbonate
hydrogen carbonate
hydrogen carbonate
bicarbonate
natron
3–
phosphate
H
PO
Na
PO
Ca
(PO
)
AlPO
Fe
(PO
)
FePO
(NH
)
PO
10. [PO
]
3
4
3
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
4
3
4
4
phosphoric acid
sodium phosphate
calcium phosphate
aluminium
iron(II) phosphate
iron(III) phosphate
ammonium phos-
phosphate
phate
2–
hydrogen phosphate
H
PO
Na
HPO
CaHPO
Al
(HPO
)
FeHPO
Fe
(HPO
)
(NH
)
HPO
11. [HPO
]
3
4
2
4
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
3
4
2
4
4
phosphoric acid
sodium hydrogen
calcium hydrogen
aluminium hydrogen
iron(II) hydrogen
iron(III) hydrogen
ammonium hydro-
phosphate
phosphate
phosphate
phosphate
phosphate
genphosphate
dihydrogen phosphate
H
PO
NaH
PO
Ca(H
PO
)
Al(H
PO
)
Fe(H
PO
)
Fe(H
PO
)
NH
H
PO
12. [H
PO
]
3
4
2
4
2
4
2
2
4
3
2
4
2
2
4
3
4
2
4
2
4
phosphoric acid
sodium dihydrogen
calcium dihydrogen
aluminium dihydro-
iron(II) dihydrogen
iron(III) dihydrogen
ammonium dihydro-
phosphate
phosphate
gen phosphate
phosphate
phosphate
genphosphate
nitrate
HNO
NaNO
Ca(NO
)
Al(NO
)
Fe(NO
)
Fe(NO
)
NH
NO
13. [NO
]
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
4
3
3
nitric acid
sodium nitrate
calcium nitrate
aluminium nitrate
iron(II) nitrate
iron(III) nitrate
ammonium nitrate
Chile salpeter
nitrite
HNO
NaNO
Ca(NO
)
Al(NO
)
Fe(NO
)
Fe(NO
)
NH
NO
14. [NO
]
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
3
4
2
2
nitrous acid
sodium nitrite
calcium nitrite
aluminium nitrite
iron(II) nitrite
iron(III) nitrite
ammonium nitrite
acetate
CH
COOH
NaCH
COO
Ca(CH
COO)
Al(CH
COO)
Fe(CH
COO)
Fe(CH
COO)
NH
CH
COO
15. [CH
COO]
3
3
3
2
3
3
3
2
3
3
4
3
3
ethanoic acid
sodium acetate
calcium acetate
aluminium acetate
iron(II) acetate
iron(III) acetate
ammonium acetate
acetic acid
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