2012 Sexual Violence - Facts at a Glance

This United States-specific "Sexual Violence - Facts at a Glance" is a document released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Sexual Violence
Facts at a Glance
2012
A 2011 survey of high school students found that
Adults
11.8% of girls and 4.5% of boys from grades 9-12
reported that they were forced to have sexual
In a nationally representative survey of adults:
1
intercourse at some time in their lives.
3
• Nearly 1 in 5 (18.3%) women and 1 in 71 men
(1.4%) reported experiencing rape at some time in
Perpetrators
their lives.
• Approximately 1 in 20 women and men (5.6% and
In a nationally representative survey:
1
5.3%, respectively) experienced sexual violence
• Among female rape victims, perpetrators were
other than rape, such as being made to penetrate
reported to be intimate partners (51.1%), family
someone else, sexual coercion, unwanted
members (12.5%), acquaintances (40.8%) and
sexual contact, or non-contact unwanted sexual
strangers (13.8%).
experiences, in the 12 months prior to the survey.
• Among male rape victims, perpetrators were
• 4.8% of men reported they were made to penetrate
reported to be acquaintances (52.4%) and
someone else at some time in their lives.
strangers (15.1%).
• 13% of women and 6% of men reported they
• Among male victims who were made to penetrate
experienced sexual coercion at some time in their
someone else, perpetrators were reported to be
lives.
intimate partners (44.8%), acquaintances (44.7%)
and strangers (8.2%).
College Age
Health Disparities
• In a nationally representative survey of adults,
37.4% of female rape victims were first raped
between ages 18-24.
1
• Among high school students, 12.5% of American
• In a study of undergraduate women, 19%
Indian/Alaska Natives, 10.5% of Native Hawaiian/
experienced attempted or completed sexual
Pacific Islander students, 8.6% of black students,
assault since entering college.
8.2% of Hispanic students, 7.4% of white students,
2
and 13.5% of multiple-race students reported that
they were forced to have sexual intercourse at
Children and Youth
some time in their lives.
3
• Among adult women surveyed in 2010, 26.9%
In a nationally representative survey:
1
of American Indian/Alaska Natives, 22% of non-
• 42.2% of female rape victims were first raped
Hispanic blacks, 18.8% of non-Hispanic whites,
before age 18.
14.6% of Hispanics, and 35.5% of women of
• 29.9% of female rape victims were first raped
multiple races experienced an attempted or a
between the ages of 11-17.
completed rape at some time in their lives.
1
• 12.3% female rape victims and 27.8% of male rape
victims were first raped when they were age 10 or
younger.
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Division of Violence Prevention
Sexual Violence
Facts at a Glance
2012
A 2011 survey of high school students found that
Adults
11.8% of girls and 4.5% of boys from grades 9-12
reported that they were forced to have sexual
In a nationally representative survey of adults:
1
intercourse at some time in their lives.
3
• Nearly 1 in 5 (18.3%) women and 1 in 71 men
(1.4%) reported experiencing rape at some time in
Perpetrators
their lives.
• Approximately 1 in 20 women and men (5.6% and
In a nationally representative survey:
1
5.3%, respectively) experienced sexual violence
• Among female rape victims, perpetrators were
other than rape, such as being made to penetrate
reported to be intimate partners (51.1%), family
someone else, sexual coercion, unwanted
members (12.5%), acquaintances (40.8%) and
sexual contact, or non-contact unwanted sexual
strangers (13.8%).
experiences, in the 12 months prior to the survey.
• Among male rape victims, perpetrators were
• 4.8% of men reported they were made to penetrate
reported to be acquaintances (52.4%) and
someone else at some time in their lives.
strangers (15.1%).
• 13% of women and 6% of men reported they
• Among male victims who were made to penetrate
experienced sexual coercion at some time in their
someone else, perpetrators were reported to be
lives.
intimate partners (44.8%), acquaintances (44.7%)
and strangers (8.2%).
College Age
Health Disparities
• In a nationally representative survey of adults,
37.4% of female rape victims were first raped
between ages 18-24.
1
• Among high school students, 12.5% of American
• In a study of undergraduate women, 19%
Indian/Alaska Natives, 10.5% of Native Hawaiian/
experienced attempted or completed sexual
Pacific Islander students, 8.6% of black students,
assault since entering college.
8.2% of Hispanic students, 7.4% of white students,
2
and 13.5% of multiple-race students reported that
they were forced to have sexual intercourse at
Children and Youth
some time in their lives.
3
• Among adult women surveyed in 2010, 26.9%
In a nationally representative survey:
1
of American Indian/Alaska Natives, 22% of non-
• 42.2% of female rape victims were first raped
Hispanic blacks, 18.8% of non-Hispanic whites,
before age 18.
14.6% of Hispanics, and 35.5% of women of
• 29.9% of female rape victims were first raped
multiple races experienced an attempted or a
between the ages of 11-17.
completed rape at some time in their lives.
1
• 12.3% female rape victims and 27.8% of male rape
victims were first raped when they were age 10 or
younger.
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Division of Violence Prevention
Sexual Violence Facts at a Glance
Non-fatal Injuries, Medical Treatment,
References
and Health conditions
1. Black MC, Basile KC, Breiding MJ, Smith SG, Walters ML, Merrick
MT, Chen J, Stevens MR. The National Intimate Partner and Sexual
• Among sexual violence victims raped since their
Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA:
18th birthday, 31.5% of women and 16.1% of men
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for
reported a physical injury as a result of a rape.
Disease Control and Prevention; 2011.
36.2% of injured female victims received medical
2. Krebs CP, Linquist CH, Warner TD, Fisher BS, Martin SL. College
treatment.
4
women’s experiences with physically forced, alcohol- or other
drug-enabled, and drug-facilitated sexual assault before and
• During 2004-2006, an estimated 105,187 females
since entering college. Journal of American College Health 2009;
and 6,526 males aged 10-24 years received
57(6):639-647.
medical care in U.S. emergency departments as a
3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1991-2011 High
result of nonfatal injuries sustained from a sexual
School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Available at http://apps.
nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline. Accessed on 8/24/2012.
assault.
5
4. Tjaden P, Thoennes N. Extent, nature, and consequences of rape
• Based on 2005 data from the Behavioral Risk
victimization: Findings from the National Violence Against Women
Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), for both
Survey. Washington: US Department of Justice; Publication No.
women and men, links were found between
NCJ210346; 2006.
history of nonconsensual sex and high
5. CDC. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Persons Aged 10-24 years
cholesterol, stroke and heart disease; female
—United States, 2002-2007. MMWR 2009; 58(ss06):1-58. Available
from: www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5806a1.htm
victims of nonconsensual sex were more likely to
report heart attack and heart disease compared to
6. Smith SG. Breiding MJ. Chronic disease and health behaviours
linked to experiences of non-consensual sex among women and
non-victims.
6
men. Public Health 2011; 125:653-659.
• Rape results in about 32,000 pregnancies each
7. Holmes MM, Resnick HS, Kilpatrick DG, Best CL. Rape-related
year.
7
pregnancy: estimates and descriptive characteristics from a
national sample of women. American Journal of Obstetrics and
• Among female victims of partner violence who
Gynecology 1996; 175:320-324.
filed a protective order, 68% reported they were
8. McFarlane J, Malecha A, Watson K, Gist J, Batten E, Hall I, & Smith
raped by their intimate partner and 20% reported
S. Intimate partner sexual assault against women: Frequency,
a rape-related pregnancy.
8
health consequences & treatment outcomes. Obstetrics and
Gynecology 2005; 105(1):99-108.
1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636) • cdcinfo@cdc.gov • www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention

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