Form NY-2C Supplement A:DPP "Industrial Application Form for Dairy Products Processing Industry" - New York

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  • Released on January 1, 1997;
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Download Form NY-2C Supplement A:DPP "Industrial Application Form for Dairy Products Processing Industry" - New York

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Form NY-2C (01/97) - Supplement A: DPP
Page 1 of 4
State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES)
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION FORM NY-2C
Supplement A
DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING (40 CFR Part 405)
Facility Name:
SPDES Number:
This supplement to your application requests specific production information necessary to prepare numerical limits for your
SPDES permit. The following information will enable you to provide the necessary information. If you have questions, please
call the Bureau of Water Permits at (518) 402-8111.
Background
Rules and Regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and published in the Federal Register on
May 28, 1974, and October 29, 1982 established discharge limits for the dairy processing industry. This supplement is
directed toward determining appropriate values based on production of the dairy processing plant that will be the basis of your
permit limits unless more stringent limits are required for stream protection. The 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD
)
5
of all ingredients entered into each processing step must be determined in order to utilize the regulations.
In order to apply for and receive all discharge limits authorized by law, a full understanding of the federal regulation is
necessary. Table 1 on the reverse of this page contains a summary of the promulgated regulation. Each dairy processing
plant should fall into one or more of the subcategories listed on the sheet. Each subcategory receives a discharge allowance.
The sum of the allowances for all the subcategories applicable to your plant, yields the total effluent allowance. The following
points should be considered:
1.
The milk receiving portion of a processing plant is not entitled to a receiving station allowance for any milk processed
within that plant. If whole raw milk is shipped to another plant for processing, the receiving station allowance will be
given for that portion shipped.
2.
Production for the month which yields the highest discharge limitation should be used to determine the input values.
This will normally occur during the month of highest milk receipts. Table 2, which lists the monthly milk receipts for
the preceding year, must be completed. List the quantity of milk or other raw materials received in pounds or, if the
raw materials are shipped in other quantitative units (e.g. kilograms, gallons, etc.), in units that are convertible to
pounds.
3.
A schematic diagram of the plant processing facilities must be included. Figure 1 shows a hypothetical processing
plant schematic, including an allowance for fluid products, butter, condensed milk, and dry milk. The allowance for
each of the subcategories would then be added, resulting in total plant effluent discharge limitation. The schematic
must include the pounds of milk products going into each process.
4.
Table 3 should be completed in accordance with instructions footnoted on the bottom of that page. Completion of
columns 1-7 is mandatory; completion of columns 8-13 is optional. Attach any additional discussions or information
necessary to explain the process along with Tables 2 and 3.
Definitions
A.
The term “BOD
" shall mean Biochemical Oxygen Demand over a 5-day incubation period.
5
B.
The term “BOD
Input” shall mean the BOD
of the material entered into each manufacturing process as
5
5
categorized in Table 1. It can be calculated by multiplying the percentage of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates by
the factors of 0.890, 1.031, and 0.691 respectively. The sum of the products will equal the percent BOD
of the
5
material entered into each process.
C.
The term “TSS” shall mean total suspended non-filterable solids.
D.
The term “Average” shall mean the average daily values over a period of 30 consecutive days.
E.
The pH limitations for all categories and subcategories shall be the range of 6.0 to 9.0 SU.
Form NY-2C (01/97) - Supplement A: DPP
Page 1 of 4
State Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (SPDES)
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION FORM NY-2C
Supplement A
DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING (40 CFR Part 405)
Facility Name:
SPDES Number:
This supplement to your application requests specific production information necessary to prepare numerical limits for your
SPDES permit. The following information will enable you to provide the necessary information. If you have questions, please
call the Bureau of Water Permits at (518) 402-8111.
Background
Rules and Regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and published in the Federal Register on
May 28, 1974, and October 29, 1982 established discharge limits for the dairy processing industry. This supplement is
directed toward determining appropriate values based on production of the dairy processing plant that will be the basis of your
permit limits unless more stringent limits are required for stream protection. The 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD
)
5
of all ingredients entered into each processing step must be determined in order to utilize the regulations.
In order to apply for and receive all discharge limits authorized by law, a full understanding of the federal regulation is
necessary. Table 1 on the reverse of this page contains a summary of the promulgated regulation. Each dairy processing
plant should fall into one or more of the subcategories listed on the sheet. Each subcategory receives a discharge allowance.
The sum of the allowances for all the subcategories applicable to your plant, yields the total effluent allowance. The following
points should be considered:
1.
The milk receiving portion of a processing plant is not entitled to a receiving station allowance for any milk processed
within that plant. If whole raw milk is shipped to another plant for processing, the receiving station allowance will be
given for that portion shipped.
2.
Production for the month which yields the highest discharge limitation should be used to determine the input values.
This will normally occur during the month of highest milk receipts. Table 2, which lists the monthly milk receipts for
the preceding year, must be completed. List the quantity of milk or other raw materials received in pounds or, if the
raw materials are shipped in other quantitative units (e.g. kilograms, gallons, etc.), in units that are convertible to
pounds.
3.
A schematic diagram of the plant processing facilities must be included. Figure 1 shows a hypothetical processing
plant schematic, including an allowance for fluid products, butter, condensed milk, and dry milk. The allowance for
each of the subcategories would then be added, resulting in total plant effluent discharge limitation. The schematic
must include the pounds of milk products going into each process.
4.
Table 3 should be completed in accordance with instructions footnoted on the bottom of that page. Completion of
columns 1-7 is mandatory; completion of columns 8-13 is optional. Attach any additional discussions or information
necessary to explain the process along with Tables 2 and 3.
Definitions
A.
The term “BOD
" shall mean Biochemical Oxygen Demand over a 5-day incubation period.
5
B.
The term “BOD
Input” shall mean the BOD
of the material entered into each manufacturing process as
5
5
categorized in Table 1. It can be calculated by multiplying the percentage of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates by
the factors of 0.890, 1.031, and 0.691 respectively. The sum of the products will equal the percent BOD
of the
5
material entered into each process.
C.
The term “TSS” shall mean total suspended non-filterable solids.
D.
The term “Average” shall mean the average daily values over a period of 30 consecutive days.
E.
The pH limitations for all categories and subcategories shall be the range of 6.0 to 9.0 SU.
Form NY-2C (01/97) - Supplement A: DPP
Page 2 of 4
Supplement A
DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING (40 CFR Part 405)
Table 1
Categorical Effluent Limitation Guidelines for BOD
and TSS
5
Effluent Limitation guideline values, lbs/100 lbs BOD
Input
5
BCT, Existing Sources
New Sources
Milk
Size of
Subpart
Subcategory Description
Equivalent,
BOD
Input,
Subpart
BOD
TSS
BOD
TSS
5
5
5
lbs/day
lbs/day
Avg.
Max
Avg
Max
Avg
Max
Avg
Max
A
Receiving Stations:
Small
0.031 0.063 0.047 0.094 0.005 0.010 0.006 0.013
A
Other
> 150,000
> 15,600
0.019 0.048 0.029 0.071 0.005 0.010 0.006 0.013
B
Fluid Products:
Small
0.225 0.450 0.338 0.675 0.037 0.074 0.046 0.093
B
Other
> 250,000
> 25,900
0.135 0.338 0.203 0.551 0.037 0.074 0.046 0.093
C
Cultured Products:
Small
0.225 0.450 0.338 0.675 0.037 0.074 0.046 0.093
C
Other
> 60,000
> 6,200
0.135 0.338 0.203 0.506 0.037 0.074 0.046 0.093
D
Butter:
Small
0.091 0.183 0.137 0.274 0.008 0.016 0.010 0.020
D
Other
> 175,000
> 18,180
0.055 0.138 0.083 0.206 0.008 0.016 0.010 0.020
E
Cottage Cheese and
Small
0.446 0.893 0.669 1.339 0.074 0.148 0.093 0.185
E
Cultured Cream Cheese:
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.268 0.670 0.402 1.005 0.074 0.148 0.093 0.185
F
Natural and Processed
Small
0.049 0.098 0.073 0.146 0.008 0.016 0.010 0.020
F
Cheese:
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.029 0.073 0.044 0.109 0.008 0.016 0.010 0.020
G
Ice Cream/Frozen Dessert
Small
0.146 0.293 0.219 0.439 0.024 0.048 0.030 0.060
G
Fluid Mix:
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.088 0.220 0.132 0.330 0.024 0.048 0.030 0.060
H
Ice Cream/Frozen Desserts/
Small
0.306 0.613 0.459 0.919 0.047 0.094 0.059 0.118
H
Novelties/Dairy Desserts:
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.184 0.460 0.276 0.690 0.047 0.094 0.059 0.118
I
Condensed Milk:
Small
0.230 0.460 0.345 0.690 0.038 0.076 0.048 0.095
I
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.138 0.345 0.207 0.518 0.038 0.076 0.048 0.095
J
Dry Milk:
Small
0.109 0.218 0.164 0.328 0.018 0.036 0.023 0.045
J
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.065 0.163 0.098 0.244 0.018 0.036 0.023 0.045
K
Condensed Whey:
Small
0.065 0.130 0.098 0.195 0.011 0.022 0.014 0.028
K
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.040 0.100 0.060 0.150 0.011 0.022 0.014 0.028
L
Dry Whey:
Small
0.065 0.130 0.098 0.195 0.011 0.022 0.014 0.028
L
Other
> 25,000
> 2,600
0.040 0.100 0.060 0.150 0.011 0.022 0.014 0.028
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
References:
Federal Register, May 28, 1974:
Pages 18597 to 18609
Federal Register, October 29, 1982:
Page 49186
Form NY-2C (01/97) - Supplement A: DPP
Page 3 of 4
Supplement A
DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING (40 CFR Part 405)
Facility Name:
SPDES Number:
Figure 1: Sample Schematic Diagram:
F = Fat
P = Protein
C = Carbohydrate
Milk Receiving
lb/day = Average pounds per day of
ingredients entered into process during
% F, P, C
peak production month.
lb/day
(Subpart B)
Pasteurization, Separation,
Standardization,
Cream
Etc.
% F, P, C
(Subpart D)
Butter
lb/day
% F, P, C
% F, P, C
(Subpart I)
(Subpart J)
Packaged Whole Milk
Condensed Milk
Dry Milk
lb/day
lb/day
Note: Guideline allowances would
Skim Milk
apply where "lb/day" is indicated on
the schematic diagram.
Table 2: Milk (or other raw material) received over past 12 calendar months:
Month
Quantity
Units
Month
Quantity
Units
January:
July:
February:
August:
March:
September:
April:
October:
May:
November:
June:
December:
Form NY-2C (01/97) - Supplement A: DPP
Page 4 of 4
Supplement A
DAIRY PRODUCTS PROCESSING (40 CFR Part 405)
Table 3
Calculation of BOD
and TSS Effluent Limits
5
BCT or New Source (as applicable)
BOD
Effluent Limitations, in lbs/day (Note 6)
5
Subpart
Subcategory
Ingredient Name
Ingredient
F
P
C
BOD
Input
5
Use
30 Day Average
Daily Maximum
(Note 1)
(Note 2)
(Note 4)
(Note 5)
(Note 3)
lb/day
%
%
%
%
lb/day
BOD
TSS
BOD
TSS
5
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Notes:
1. Complete columns 1 and 2 using the appropriate Subpart and Subcategory names from Table 1 of this supplement.
2. List all ingredients and the quantity used per process, consistent with the information for the highest production month
listed in Table 2 of this supplement.
3. List the percent fat (F), protein (P), and carbohydrate (C) of each ingredient. Use information from your own production
data, U.S. Ag. Handbook No. 8, “Composition of Food,” or other reliable references.
4. [BOD
%] = [0.890 x %F] + [1.031 x %P] + [0.691 x %C]. Organic acids should be included with Carbohydrates.
5
5. [BOD
Input, lb/day] = [Ingredient Use, lb/day] x [BOD
%]
5
5
6. [Effluent Limitations] = [BOD
Input, lb/day] x [Guideline Value/100]. Guideline Values are listed in Table 1, Columns
5
5 through 12 of this supplement.
Page of 4