"Drug Fact Sheet - Barbiturates"

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Drug Fact Sheet
Barbiturates
Barbiturates
Overview
Overview
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
They have also been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics,
They have also been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics,
and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as Ultrashort,
and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as Ultrashort,
Short, Intermediate, Long-acting.
Short, Intermediate, Long-acting.
Street names
Street names
Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Pinks, Red Devils, Reds & Blues, Yellow Jackets
Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Pinks, Red Devils, Reds & Blues, Yellow Jackets
Looks like
Looks like
Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Abusers prefer the short-acting and intermediate
Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Abusers prefer the short-acting and intermediate
barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.
barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.
Methods of abuse
Methods of abuse
Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce
Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce
anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous
anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous
because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.
because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.
Affect on mind
Affect on mind
Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of
Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of
memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and
memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and
larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose.
larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose.
Affect on body
Affect on body
Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.
Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.
Drugs causing similar effects
Drugs causing similar effects
Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills,
Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills,
Rohypnol®, and GHB.
Rohypnol®, and GHB.
Overdose effects
Overdose effects
Effects of overdose include shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible
Effects of overdose include shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible
death.
death.
Legal status in the United States
Legal status in the United States
Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act.
Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act.
Common places of origin
Common places of origin
Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.
Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.
This content came from a United States Government, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) website, www.getsmartaboutdrugs.com.
This content came from a United States Government, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) website, www.getsmartaboutdrugs.com.
Drug Enforcement Administration
For more information, visit www.dea.gov
Drug Fact Sheet
Barbiturates
Barbiturates
Overview
Overview
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma.
They have also been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics,
They have also been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics,
and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as Ultrashort,
and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as Ultrashort,
Short, Intermediate, Long-acting.
Short, Intermediate, Long-acting.
Street names
Street names
Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Pinks, Red Devils, Reds & Blues, Yellow Jackets
Barbs, Block Busters, Christmas Trees, Goof Balls, Pinks, Red Devils, Reds & Blues, Yellow Jackets
Looks like
Looks like
Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Abusers prefer the short-acting and intermediate
Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Abusers prefer the short-acting and intermediate
barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.
barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.
Methods of abuse
Methods of abuse
Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce
Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce
anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous
anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous
because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.
because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.
Affect on mind
Affect on mind
Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of
Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of
memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and
memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and
larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose.
larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose.
Affect on body
Affect on body
Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.
Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.
Drugs causing similar effects
Drugs causing similar effects
Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills,
Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills,
Rohypnol®, and GHB.
Rohypnol®, and GHB.
Overdose effects
Overdose effects
Effects of overdose include shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible
Effects of overdose include shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, and possible
death.
death.
Legal status in the United States
Legal status in the United States
Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act.
Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act.
Common places of origin
Common places of origin
Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.
Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.
This content came from a United States Government, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) website, www.getsmartaboutdrugs.com.
This content came from a United States Government, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) website, www.getsmartaboutdrugs.com.
Drug Enforcement Administration
For more information, visit www.dea.gov