"Risk Assessment and Risk Control Form" - Australia

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Appendix 1C Risk Assessment and Risk Control Form (ASSESSING & CONTROLLING RISKS FROM MANUAL TASKS)
Persons doing assessment
Assessment details
Date of assessment:
Work area management rep:
Description of manual task:
Work area H&S rep:
Location of task:
Others (employees, consultants):
Reason for identification
Existing task
Change in task, object or tool
Report of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD)
New task
New information
Change in the workplace/work environment
The National Standard for Manual Tasks (2007) requires duty holders to assess the risk of any hazardous manual tasks found in the workplace and put effective measures in place to:
>
prevent injury by eliminating the risk
>
where elimination is not reasonably practicable, reduce the risk of injury as much as is reasonably practicable
How to use this worksheet
Follow the worksheet step by step and refer to the National Code of Practice for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders from Performing Manual Tasks at Work (2007) (COP)
as indicated on the worksheet to:
>
assess tasks in the workplace involving hazardous manual tasks and determine the sources of risk – Refer COP Sections 6.3
>
list appropriate risk control measures – Refer COP Sections 6.4
>
implement those measures – Refer COP Sections 6.4
You are required to consult with the relevant health and safety representatives and, where possible, also involve the employees who do the tasks, when assessing the tasks and planning
and introducing risk controls.
This worksheet and the Code of Practice can be downloaded from the ASCC website at www.ascc.gov.au
Record your assessment! – It is recommended that you retain your risk assessment if it shows a risk of injury.
Control any risk! – This worksheet provides general guidelines only. Some workers may still be at risk of injury because manual handling occurs in a variety of
tasks and workplace situations, and injury may be caused by a number of factors. It is important, as far as is reasonably practicable, to control any risk you find.
NATIONAL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS FROM PERFORMING MANUAL TASKS AT WORK
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Appendix 1C Risk Assessment and Risk Control Form (ASSESSING & CONTROLLING RISKS FROM MANUAL TASKS)
Persons doing assessment
Assessment details
Date of assessment:
Work area management rep:
Description of manual task:
Work area H&S rep:
Location of task:
Others (employees, consultants):
Reason for identification
Existing task
Change in task, object or tool
Report of musculoskeletal disorder (MSD)
New task
New information
Change in the workplace/work environment
The National Standard for Manual Tasks (2007) requires duty holders to assess the risk of any hazardous manual tasks found in the workplace and put effective measures in place to:
>
prevent injury by eliminating the risk
>
where elimination is not reasonably practicable, reduce the risk of injury as much as is reasonably practicable
How to use this worksheet
Follow the worksheet step by step and refer to the National Code of Practice for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders from Performing Manual Tasks at Work (2007) (COP)
as indicated on the worksheet to:
>
assess tasks in the workplace involving hazardous manual tasks and determine the sources of risk – Refer COP Sections 6.3
>
list appropriate risk control measures – Refer COP Sections 6.4
>
implement those measures – Refer COP Sections 6.4
You are required to consult with the relevant health and safety representatives and, where possible, also involve the employees who do the tasks, when assessing the tasks and planning
and introducing risk controls.
This worksheet and the Code of Practice can be downloaded from the ASCC website at www.ascc.gov.au
Record your assessment! – It is recommended that you retain your risk assessment if it shows a risk of injury.
Control any risk! – This worksheet provides general guidelines only. Some workers may still be at risk of injury because manual handling occurs in a variety of
tasks and workplace situations, and injury may be caused by a number of factors. It is important, as far as is reasonably practicable, to control any risk you find.
NATIONAL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS FROM PERFORMING MANUAL TASKS AT WORK
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Question 1 – Does the task involve repetitive or sustained postures, movements or forces?
Tick yes if the task requires any of the following actions to be done:
>
repetitively (done more than twice a minute) OR
>
sustained (done for more than 30 seconds at a time)
Postures and Movements
Page Comments*
Describe any risk control
Control Options
options you have identified
(not exhaustive list)
41
Eliminate the manual task
Bending the back
20˚
forwards or sideways
>
Automate or mechanise the task, especially
more than 20 degrees
repetitive functions
>
Modify operation or production method
>
Use bulk handling methods
20˚
Alter the design and layout of the workplace (p 62)
>
Ensure the equipment accounts for
differences in worker size, shape
41
Twisting the back
and physical ability – i.e. adjustable
more than 20 degrees
or fixed to suit all workers
>
Ensure working heights are matched to the
task and the worker
>
Ensure items are within reaching distance
41
Any visible
>
Place items where the person can
backward bending
be in a comfortable symmetrical
posture when handling
>
Provide seating that matches the needs
of the task and the worker – i.e. adjustable
41
seating for multiple workers
Bending the head
20˚
20˚
forwards or sideways
>
Reposition items that workers are required
more than 20 degrees
to look at
*
Describe what the person is doing – e.g. hand operation of drill 10 times per minute, performed 3 hrs per day, five days a week
What are the sources of risk? Describe any aspect of the design and layout of the workplace, the nature of the load handled, the nature of the item used, the working environment, the work practices or work organisation that may have caused you to tick a box..
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Postures and Movements
Page Comments*
Describe any risk control
Control Options
options you have identified
(not exhaustive list)
41
Any visible bending of
>
Use fixtures/jigs to orientate the item
the head backwards
worked on by the worker
>
Provide arm supports for precision work
Alter the nature of the load handled (p 64)
>
Alter the size or shape of the load
41
Twisting the neck more than
20 degrees
Alter the items used (p 70)
>
Use power tools
>
Ensure tools are suitable for the task
>
Ensure tools orient the arm, hand and
41
Working with one or both
wrist in a power grip position
hands above shoulder height
Alter the working environment (p 72)
>
Ensure visual requirements are not
too demanding by providing breaks,
better lighting
41
Reaching forward or sideways
>
Provide visual aids
more than 30cm from the
>
Ensure lighting is suitable to task
body
demands – i.e. task lighting for fine,
manipulative work
Alter the work organisation (p 74)
41
Reaching behind the body
>
Relocate equipment or items
>
Restructure task to minimize multiple
handling
>
Remove machine or other pacing
>
Remove or monitor piecework schemes
41
Squatting, kneeling, crawling,
>
Select the best working position for the
lying, semi-lying or jumping
type of work being undertaken
*
Describe what the person is doing – e.g. hand operation of drill 10 times per minute, performed 3 hrs per day, five days a week
What are the sources of risk? Describe any aspect of the design and layout of the workplace, the nature of the load handled, the nature of the item used, the working environment, the work practices or work organisation that may have caused you to tick a box.
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Postures and Movements
Page Comments*
Describe any risk control
Control Options
options you have identified
(not exhaustive list)
41
Standing with most of the
body’s weight on one leg
41
Twisting, turning, grabbing,
picking or wringing actions with
the fingers, hands or arms
41
Working with the fingers
close together or wide apart
41
Very fast movements
41
Bending of the wrist beyond
the angles indicated on page
40 of the Code of Practice
*
Describe what the person is doing – e.g. hand operation of drill 10 times per minute, performed 3 hrs per day, five days a week
What are the sources of risk? Describe any aspect of the design and layout of the workplace, the nature of the load handled, the nature of the item used, the working environment, the work practices or work organisation that may have caused you to tick a box.
NATIONAL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS FROM PERFORMING MANUAL TASKS AT WORK
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Forces
Page Comments*
Describe any risk control
Control Options
options you have identified
(not exhaustive list)
43
Eliminate the manual task
Lifting, lowering or carrying
>
Automate or mechanise the task, especially
tasks that are repetitive
>
Modify operation or production method
>
Use bulk handling methods
43
Carrying with one hand
Alter the design and layout of the workplace (p 62)
or one side of the body
>
Provide a means for attaching mechanical
aids for lifting to the load
>
Use jigs to hold or support the items
43
>
Alter the workplace so mechanical aids
Exerting force with one hand
or one side of the body
can be used and are accessible
Alter the load handled (p 64)
>
Reduce weight and dimensions of the load
>
Reduce the number of items handled at
43
Pushing, pulling or dragging
one time
>
Provide handles, handholds or cut-outs
to improve grip
>
Reduce amount of manipulation required
(use mechanical aids)
>
Modify the load so mechanical aids can
be used
Alter the items used (p 70)
43
Gripping with the fingers
>
Use power tools
pinched together or held
>
Ensure tools are suitable for the task
wide apart
>
Use lightweight tools where possible
>
Use tool counterbalances
*
Describe what the person is doing – e.g. hand operation of drill 10 times per minute, performed 3 hrs per day, five days a week
What are the sources of risk? Describe any aspect of the design and layout of the workplace, the nature of the load handled, the nature of the item used, the working environment, the work practices or work organisation that may have caused you to tick a box.
NATIONAL CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS FROM PERFORMING MANUAL TASKS AT WORK
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