A Resume is the main document that a candidate uses when they want to apply for a job. The purpose of the document is to provide a prospective employer with an extensive amount of information about the candidate’s work experience, personal qualities, professional skills, etc. Even though the primary use of a resume is for a job application, it can also be used to apply for a volunteering, educational, or any other kind of program which requires a certain type of information to be provided by a candidate.
A job resume is the best way to demonstrate to a potential employer all of the professional achievements a candidate has. Usually, candidates use this document to show their strongest sides that can help them get the job they have applied for.
There are different types of resumes. Depending on the position a candidate is applying for, they can choose to use a resume that is:
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A resume is not the only document that can be used to apply for a job, some candidates prefer to use a CV (Curriculum Vitae). Many people consider resumes and CVs the same thing since they are used for the same purpose, however, these documents have some specific differences and they are not always interchangeable. Specialists distinguish several particular aspects which include the following:
Writing a resume can be a time-consuming process, since whether the candidate will get the job not only depends on a candidate's skills but on how they have described them in their resume as well. A well-written resume should follow a certain structure and can include parts, such as:
A resume can be accompanied by other documents, including the following:
A resume Cover Letter is a letter that is usually attached to a resume. Candidates use it to state the position they are applying for, underline the highlights of their resume, and explain to a prospective employer why they will be a good fit for the company. Candidates can show their personality and goals through the letter, and express their hopes to work with the company in the future.
Before listing references on their resume, a candidate needs to decide where they want to list them. It can be done in the resume itself (a separate section or a section about work experience) or on a separate document which should be titled as "Reference List" and attached to their resume.
The formatting is important, however, the content of the reference list is more important. The list should contain the reference names, their position and the name of the company they work for, and their contact information. In this case, a telephone number and an email would be enough.
The length of a resume depends on the candidate’s work experience and the number of achievements they have had in their past. It grows with time, nevertheless, the document should not be overloaded with information. A candidate with three years of work experience can use a one-page resume, while a candidate with six years of experience can go for two pages. An extensive resume should not be longer than two or three pages at maximum, since there is always a possibility that the prospective employer just won’t finish reading it and move on to the next one.
Listing skills on a resume is quite easy, nevertheless, some candidates are confused with which exact skills are worth listing. There are two types of skills, hard skills, and soft skills. Hard skills are mostly technical skills, while soft skills are skills connected with interpersonal interactions and individuality. Before deciding which skills to mention on their resume, a candidate should research which of their skills are most in-demand in the industry where they want to work. After that, they should evaluate their skills for a resume and choose which ones to state as their strong suits.
Regardless of which skills the candidate will focus on, they should always be honest with their prospective employer. Listing skills that the candidate does not actually acquire can lead to bad consequences and can be easily revealed.
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