What Is an Unemployment Claim?

An Unemployment Claim is a document in which individuals who have lost their job file in the state where they used to work in order to apply for unemployment compensation benefits.

Alternate Name:

  • Claim For Unemployment.

The application is supposed to be filled out and submitted to the state’s unemployment agency, most of which support an opportunity to file a claim online or by mail. To claim unemployment an applicant must meet the requirements designated by the state they live in.

Unemployment Claims by State

A Claim for Unemployment is an initial document that starts a laborious process of estimating if a filer is eligible for unemployment insurance. The U.S. government provides states with insurance programs that have basic requirements and gathers information from them to form a statistical database, which helps to foresee time periods where more of these claims are generally submitted.

However, unemployment claims can differ from one state to another and can require different types of information that must be provided by a filer. In order not to miss any important details typical for a certain state, it is necessary to contact the state's unemployment program.




New Mexico (e-filing only)

South Dakota




New York




Minnesota (e-filing only)

North Carolina

Texas (e-filing only)




North Dakota





Ohio (e-filing only)








Kentucky (e-filing only)

Nebraska (e-filing only)





Nevada (e-filing only)

Pennsylvania (e-filing only)

West Virginia



New Hampshire

Rhode Island (e-filing only)




New Jersey

South Carolina

Wyoming (e-filing only)

How to Claim Unemployment?

Claiming unemployment is an important process for those individuals who have lost their job and need financial help in maintaining their basic needs. A claimant cannot afford to make mistakes here since it can end up with rejection and, as a result, losing the opportunity to receive unemployment compensation benefits. To avoid it, an applicant should follow a few steps to claim unemployment, such as:

  1. Gather Information. To claim unemployment benefits an applicant must provide information about their past employer (including company name, address and telephone number), the reason why they are unemployed, earnings in the last week they worked, information about all employers an applicant has had over the last 18 months, a filer’s social security number, current address, etc.;
  2. File an Unemployment Claim. The process of submitting a claim differs from state to state, however, most of them support the opportunity to file a claim online or by mail. To learn more about the applicable procedure in their state, an applicant should contact their state’s unemployment program.
  3. Monitor Progress. A filer will be mailed information connected with their claim. It can be a request to provide additional data, information about their benefits, information on whether they were found eligible or not. It’s important to pay attention to each document they receive and respond to it on time if they are required to do so. Ignoring them or responding late can cause payment delays.

How to Fight Unemployment Claim Denial?

If your Unemployment Claim was denied it is necessary to understand why it was denied. After receiving a Notice of Determination with a denial, an applicant should thoroughly examine the part where their state’s unemployment agency gives a motivated explanation on why they made such a decision.

One of the most common reasons why filers get denied unemployment bonuses is because they quit their job, which makes them ineligible for the state’s unemployment program. However, if an applicant believes that there was a mistake and they are eligible for benefits they should file an appeal, providing proof of their point of view. Information about an applicant’s appeal rights will be provided on the other side of the Notice of Determination, it includes the period when the appeal must be filed and the address where to file the appeal.

Unemployment Claim FAQ

How to Check Status of Unemployment Claim?

Each state uses its own unemployment program. To check the status of their unemployment claim an applicant should visit the official website of the state in which they reside. 

How Will I Know If My Unemployment Claim Was Approved?

An applicant will receive a Notice of Determination by mail (or by email if they have chosen to receive information electronically) where they will find information on whether they have qualified for unemployment compensation or not.

What If I Forgot to File My Weekly Unemployment Claim?

If a filer forgets to claim their weekly unemployment benefits, the state will stop paying their compensation. In this case, an applicant has three options: to file a weekly claim on a makeup day, to double the payment on the next claim, or to contact the unemployment program for a backdating of the claim.

How to Cancel an Unemployment Claim?

Each state has its own regulations on how to cancel a claim, but most recommend contacting your state’s unemployment division to request the canceling of payments.

Useful Links and Related Documents:

  • Unemployment Tax Form (IRS Form 1099-G). This document is used by governments of all levels (local, state, and federal) to claim payments which include unemployment compensation, local income tax refunds, agricultural payments, etc.;
  • Federal Unemployment Tax Form (IRS Form 940). The document is used by taxpayers to report their yearly Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA) tax;
  • Unemployment Deferment Request. Students may use this form to apply for a deferment on loans if they are temporarily unavailable to pay their student loan payments because they cannot find work;
  • Notice of Determination. After a filer has applied for unemployment compensation benefits they will receive a Notice of Determination, which states whether they have qualified for the benefits or not;
  • Unemployment Verification Letter. If an applicant needs proof of their unemployment, they can request their state’s unemployment division to provide an Unemployment Verification Letter, by mail or online;
  • Unemployment Appeal Letter. If an applicant was disqualified for unemployment compensation bonuses and they disagree with it, they can file an Unemployment Appeal Letter where they prove that they qualify for the bonuses.



IRS Form 1099-G "Certain Government Payments", 2020

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8 pages

This form is completed by federal, state, and local government units (payers) and sent to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), state tax department, and taxpayers (recipients) if certain payments were made over the previous year.

Form UB-106-A-FF "Weekly Claim for Unemployment Insurance (Ui) Benefits" - Arizona

Rate (4.4 / 5) 163 votes
Size: 235 KB
2 pages

This is an Arizona legal document needed to verify that you were unemployed during the report week and are eligible to receive Arizona Unemployment Insurance or AZUI.

Form DD-1 "Agreement for Direct Deposit" - Alabama

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Size: 46 KB
1 page

Form DD-2 "Direct Deposit Fact Sheet" - Alabama

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Size: 22 KB
1 page

Form SR2 "Application to Determine Liability" - Alabama

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Size: 288 KB
2 pages

Form UC-1 "Report to Determine Liability and if Liable Application for Employer Account Number" - Delaware

Rate (4.5 / 5) 54 votes
Size: 386 KB
3 pages

Form DUA-3 (ETA83) "Weekly Request for Assistance" - Georgia (United States)

Rate (4.3 / 5) 16 votes
Size: 63 KB
1 page

Form CI-9 "Unemployment Benefits Rights and Responsibilities (Benefits Rights Information)" - Louisiana

Rate (4.8 / 5) 27 votes
Size: 340 KB
14 pages

Form UC-3 "Request for Commission Hearing on State Income Tax Refund Setoff" - Maine

Rate (4.5 / 5) 11 votes
Size: 29 KB
1 page

Form UIC-1 "Overpayment Waiver Information" - Maine

Rate (4.8 / 5) 8 votes
Size: 30 KB
1 page

Form MOIC-L-6 "Application for Review" - Missouri

Rate (4.8 / 5) 34 votes
Size: 60 KB
1 page

Form WS5 "Work Search Record" - New York

Rate (4.3 / 5) 27 votes
Size: 67 KB
2 pages

Form 9 "Employer Contacts Job Search Tracking Sheet" - South Dakota

Rate (4.7 / 5) 75 votes
Size: 254 KB
1 page

Form B-2 "Claimant Change of Address Form" - Vermont

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Size: 86 KB
1 page

Form UC-61 "Unemployment Separation Notice" - Connecticut

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Size: 121 KB
1 page

Form UI-28 "Refund Request Form" - Illinois

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Size: 304 KB
4 pages

Form K-BEN32 "Availability Statement" - Kansas

Rate (4.3 / 5) 81 votes
Size: 77 KB
2 pages

Form K-BEN31 "Able and Available Statement - Medical Condition or Workers Compensation" - Kansas

Rate (4.8 / 5) 35 votes
Size: 171 KB
2 pages

Form CI-9A "Abbreviated Unemployment Benefits Rights and Responsibilities (Benefit Rights Information)" - Louisiana

Rate (4.7 / 5) 19 votes
Size: 196 KB
6 pages

Form B-70 "Declaration of Dependency" - Maine

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Size: 34 KB
2 pages

Form DLLR/DUI21 "Request for Wage Adjustment" - Maryland

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Size: 47 KB
1 page

Form MODES-DUA-16 "Disaster Unemployment Assistance (Dua) Information for Filing a Claim" - Missouri

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Size: 93 KB
1 page

Form B-82 "Work Search Log" - Vermont

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Size: 432 KB
1 page

DOL Form B-37 "Promise of Full-Time Employment" - Vermont

Rate (4.5 / 5) 45 votes
Size: 5 KB
1 page

DOL Form B-12 "Ui Claimant Appeal Form" - Vermont

Rate (4.4 / 5) 42 votes
Size: 11 KB
1 page

Form D-11 "Properly Report Gross Wages" - Vermont

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Size: 23 KB
2 pages

Form VEC-CW-31 "Combined Wage Claim Cancellation Request" - Virginia

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Size: 20 KB
1 page

Form UCB-12 "Work Search Action Log" - Wisconsin

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Size: 48 KB
1 page

Form POA "Power of Attorney" - Alabama

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Size: 150 KB
1 page

Form 480 "Individual Confidential Information Request" - Alabama

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Size: 145 KB
1 page

Form BEN290 "Notice of Back Pay Award" - Alabama

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Size: 256 KB
1 page

Form UB-107 "Wage Statement" - Arizona

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Size: 1 MB
2 pages

Form DWS-ARK-501 "Application for Unemployment Insurance Benefits" - Arkansas

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Size: 40 KB
2 pages

Formulario DWS-ARK-501 "Solicitud De Beneficios Del Seguro De Desempleo" - Arkansas (Spanish)

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Size: 44 KB
2 pages

Form B-491 "Overpayment Waiver Request" - Colorado

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Size: 112 KB
2 pages

Form B-652 "Claimant's Waiver and Authorization to Release Information" - Colorado

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Size: 39 KB
1 page

Form UIB-188 "Medical Statement" - Colorado

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Size: 16 KB
1 page

Form B-569 "Notice to Register for Work" - Colorado

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Size: 7 KB
1 page

Form DOL-128 "Job Search Skills Assessment Form" - Connecticut

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Size: 105 KB
2 pages

Form UI RESEA-230 "Unemployment Insurance Work Search Record" - Connecticut

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Size: 200 KB
1 page