A Firearm Bill of Sale - also called a Gun Bill of Sale - is a legal document that records the sale of firearms, such as pistols, shotguns, rifles, grenade launchers, and others. The document serves as proof of payment and acts as a receipt documenting where and when the sale was performed, protecting both parties in case of a disagreement.
These forms can be subdivided into more specific categories and carry a name corresponding to the type of gun being sold (including Bills of Sale for handguns, rifles, used firearms, and so forth).
A customizable Firearm Bill of Sale template can be found through this link.
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The Federal Firearms License - or the FFL - is a license that is given to shops and businesses that deal with gun sales. This is a permissive document that allows selling firearms legally. In a private sale, this document is usually not needed, unless local laws specifically require it. In case of buying a gun out of state, however, this license is obligatory. To apply for an FFL, you have to address the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF), but you need to know what type of a Federal Firearm License is needed in your case.
We have divided the ten FFL types into subcategories of license holders:
If you’re wondering how to sell a gun, here are some useful tips:
Even though a Gun Bill of Sale is not always required by state law, it is strongly recommended to have one to protect your interests and be able to prove the transaction. If you decide to create the form on your own, it should include the following:
Depending on the volume and the frequency of your gun sales you may need an FFL license. If you are regularly selling firearms to make a profit, you are engaging in the firearms-selling business. In this case, you are obliged to be licensed to operate lawfully.
If you are to perform a single sale, you do not need a license. You need to have your gun documents and, optionally, a Bill of Sale to sell a gun to an unlicensed buyer in your state. If you are willing to sell the weapon to a resident of another state, the deal is to be made through FFL. In this case, you will be probably asked to fill out a firearm transfer form.
If you are performing an occasional in-state purchase of a weapon, you do not need to have a license to buy a gun. However, it is advised to get a Gun Bill of Sale while performing this kind of deal to protect yourself if any issues arise.
While purchasing a gun from an FFL holder a firearm transaction record (also known as Form 4473) is needed to be filled out. When buying a gun off-state the transaction is performed through the FFL. In this case, an FFL employee will likely ask you to complete a Record of Firearm Transfer Form.
There may be state or local regulations that govern this type of transaction and it is a good idea to contact state policy units or state attorney general office for information on the gun legislation. Don't forget that firearms registration may be required by state or local law. To inquire about restrictions and laws on this topic, consult our sections as well.
Select your state of residence from the list above to find out more about gun laws by state and other related U.S. Regulations.
Related Forms and Templates: